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Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University, Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh


Historical background:

A sub-centre of All India Co-ordinated Cotton Improvement Project was started from May, 1972at RARS, Nandyal. Nandyal (Dist), Andhra Pradesh. This sub-centre was initiated to evolve varieties / hybrids with early, high yielding and better fibre quality type of cottons suitable for Scarce Rainfall Zone of Rayalaseema region of A.P. It is situated in the central cotton growing region of A.P. consisting of Kurnool, Nandyal, Anantapur, Puttadlkthi and YSR Kadapa districts where cotton is grown in about 3.5 lakh ha. About 70% of the cotton area is in rainfed and 30% in I.D. occupied by mostly Bt cotton hybrids (HXH). and little area with varieties i.e., G. hirsutum and G. arboreum sp. Bt hybrids cultivation under K.C. canal, TBP HLC, LLC and borewells. This sub-centre of AICCIP caters to the needs of cotton growers of central cotton growing Rayalaseema region of A.P. At present, American cotton varieties Narasimha, Sivanandi, Sri Rama and Bt cotton hybrids and mungari cotton varieties Aravinda, Srinandi, and Yaganti are under cultivation in rainfed / I.D. conditions in black soils and light soils of the region. At present research is going on development and evaluation of varieties / hybrids as well as HDPS, long linted and colour cottons at AICCIP Sub centre, R.A.R.S, Nandyal.

Climatic conditions in the state where centre present


Nandyal district is located in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, which is dlkt of the Deccan Plateau. The city is situated at 15.485° N latitude and 78.486° E longitude and an average elevation of approximately 215 meters (705 feet) above sea level.

As for the climatic conditions, Nandyal experiences a tropical climate with distinct seasons. Nandyal receives the majority of its annual rainfall during the monsoon season. The average annual rainfall in Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh, India, is approximately 760 millimeters (30 inches) with maximum temperature of 35-45°C and minimum temperature of 15-20°C

Cotton growing Districts in Punjab:

Mandate


  • To conduct basic and strategic research on Crop Improvement, Production and Protection aspects of cotton cultivation
  • To disseminate improved production and protection technologies to the farmers
  • To produce quality seed of different varieties/hybrids of cotton

Name of the ScientistDr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani
DesignationPrincipal Cotton Breeder
DisciplineAgronomy
Period: 2017- till date
Mobile No.:9701335482
Email ID:pankaj@pau.edu

Name of the Scientist Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy
DesignationScientist
DisciplineGenetics & Plant Breeding
Period: 2021-2022
Mobile No.:9966665434
Email ID:bvr.prakashreddy@angrau.ac.in

Name of the ScientistDr. K. Mohan Vishnu vardhan
DesignationScientist
DisciplineGenetics & Plant Breeding
Period: 2022 to till date
Mobile No.:9652697573
Email ID:k.mohanvishnuvardhan@angrau.ac.in

Name of the ScientistDr. M. Siva Rama Krishna
DesignationScientist
DisciplineEntomology
Period2019-till date
Mobile No.:8919406382
Email ID:m.sivaramakrishna@angrau.ac.in

Workshops/ conferences/ symposium conducted


  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Annual group meeting of AICRP on Sunflower, sesame, Niger and castor, 17/5/2018 to 19/5/2018, IIOR, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Annual group meeting on Cotton, 30/5/2019 to 31/5/2019, CICR, Nagapur, Venue-RARS, Lam.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Technological innovations in oilseed crops for enhancing productivity, profitability and nutritional security, 7-2-2020 to8-2-2020, ICAR, New Delhi. Venue: IIOR, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Annual group meeting on cotton, 18-5-2020 to19-5-2020, ICAR, New Delhi. CICR, Nagpur.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Statistical computing using R software, 28-9-2020 to 30-9-2020, ANGRAU, Agricultural College, Bapatla.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Agricultural chemicals and fertilizers - enhancing productivity, 7-10-2020, ANGRAU, S.V. Ag. College, Tirupati.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Impact of water stress on crop productivity its mitigation and adoption strategies, 24-11-2020 to2 6-11-2020, NAHEP and Dr, Rajendra Prasad central Agricultural university, Pusa,Bihar.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Annual group meeting on Cotton, 9/4/2021 to 10/4/2021, CICR, Nagapur.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, International certificate course on micro irrigation systems, 7/10/2020 to 30/4/2021, Jointly organized by (ICID) & Central water commission.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Recent ANGRAU production technologies for major crops in Scarce Rainfall Zone, 31/3/2021, RARS, Nandyal.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, 5th international conference on Advances in agriculture, environmental and bio sciences for sustainable development (AAEBSD-2021), 05/08/2021 to 07/08/2021, AEDS in collaboration with NABARD and Virtual.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, 5th International Agronomy Congress on “Agri innovations to combat food and nutrition challenges”, 23-27th November,2021, PJTSAU, Hyderabad.
  • D.Lakshmi Kalyani, K.Prabhakar, K.Venkataramanamma and S,Neelima. Seed yield of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) in rice fallow system. Technological innovations in oilseed crops for enhancing productivity, profitability and nutritional security, 2020-21.
  • Dr.Y.Srujana, Dr. M,Siva Rama Krishna and D. Lakshmi Kalyani. Efficacy of novel insecticides on sucking pests in cotton crop.5th international conference on Advances in agriculture, environmental and bio sciences for sustainable development. 2021-22.
  • K. Venkataramanamma, S. Neelima, K. Prabhakar and D. Lakshmi Kalyani. Management of necrosis and leaf curl diseases of sunflower under field conditions. National e Conference on plant health and food security: Challenges and opportunities. 2021-22.
  • K. Mohan Vishnu Vardhan, B.V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Y. Rama Reddy, D. Lakshmi Kalyani and J. Manjunath. Genetic variability and correlation analysis in upland cotton. Recent Advances for Managing Sustainable Soil Health and Crop Production during February 18-20, 2022.
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual cotton workshop 2019 at Lam Guntur
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual cotton workshop online through zoom online r 2020
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual cotton workshop through zoom online -2021
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual cotton workshop at CICR Coimbatore -2022
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual cotton workshop at PAU-Ludhiana -2023
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, International Conference on Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology (AEB-2020) Dec 17-18, 2020. Online
  • Dr. M. Siva Rama Krishna, International Conference on Agriculture, Horticulture and Botany (AHB-2021) Jan 22-23, 2021. On line

Trainings attended


  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, 3- day faculty development program on “Plants for food and health care” on 12th – 14th August, 2020 organized by Yogivemana University, Kadapa.
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, International webinar on Plant Physiological Paradigms towards Agricultural sustainability under climate change on 15th September, 2020 organized by Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, three days national webinar on “Statistical computing using R software” on 28th to 30th September, 2020 organized by ANGARU, Agricultural College, Bapatla
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, National webinar on Recent molecular approaches for plant disease diagnosis on 17th December, 2020 organized by Dept. of Plant pathology, S.V. Agricultural College, Tirupati.
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, International web conference on Global Research initiatives for sustainable Agriculture & Allied sciences on 28-30th December, 2020 organized by GRISAAS – 2020
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, attended workshop on Precision Agriculture at IISER, Tirupathi on 20-02-21
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, attended virtual workshop on Microgreens for health and wellness on 20-02-21
  • Dr. B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Scientist, Information Handling Skills for Teaching, Learning and Research - Phase II on 1st–21st March, 2021 organized by PJTSAU, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended one day National webinar on Plant Breeding in Present day context through virtual mode on 11-11-2020 organized by World bank funded Institutional Development Plan – NAHEP – ICAR
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended One day training programme on “Recent ANGRAU Production technologies for major crops in scarce rainfall zone” on 31-03-2021 organized by ANGRAU, RARS, Nandyal
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended virtual training programme MOOCs on “Theoretical Foundations of educational Technologies from 01-06-2021 to 30-06-2021 organized by ICAR- NAARM, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended Two days virtual training programme on “Fundamentals and advances in plant breeding methodologies”22nd and 23rd, July, 2021 organized by SV Agril. College, Tirupati.
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended 10 days Online workshop on “Molecular data analysis through bioinformatics tools from 01-11-2021 to 10-11-2021 organized by Dept. of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, S.V. Agricultural College, Tirupati
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended National online training on “Seed certification” from 02nd& 03rd December, 2021 organized by National Seed Research and Training center, Varanasi.
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, attended Three days international conference on “Recent Advances for Managing Sustainable Soil Health and Crop Production 20223 days 18th to 20th February, 2022 organized by GKV Society, Agra.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, orientation cum training programme on software based statistical analysis using SPSS. 16/9/2019. RARS, Nandyal
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Production Protocol for Biofertilizers, 17-8-2020 to 21-8-2020 in Online. NIPHM, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Integrated water resource management, 23-11-2020 to 27-11-2020 in Online, National Water Academy, Pune.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Integrated soil nutrient and rhizosphere management, 7-12-2020 to 12-12-2020 in Online, NIPHM, Hyderabad.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, MOOC course on “Information, handling skills for teaching, learning and research”, 01/03/2021 to 21/03/2021 in Online, PJTSAU, Hyderabad under ICAR- NAHEP
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, hands on Training on Implementation of Public financial management system in KVKs, GOI and AICRP projects of ANGRAU,17/3/2021 to 18/3/2021, Dr. NTR College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla, ANGRAU.
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, recent developments in the organic production of oilseeds for ushering productivity, soil health and export, 21/2/ 2023 to 02/3/ 2023, ICAR –IIOR, Hyderabad.

Awards


  • Dr. B.V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Indian Council of Agricultural Research – Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi merit medal – 2021. Indian Council of Agricultural Research Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi merit medal–2021 for outstanding academic performance in doctor of philosophy degree programme during 59th convocation of IARI, New Delhi.
  • Dr. B.V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Best poster award. Best poster award for poster entitled “Ideal root phenotypes for combining abiotic stresses in mungbean under the theme Abiotic stress management” presented in national web conference on “Sustaining pulse production for self sufficiency and nutritional security” (Pulse web Con,2021) held from 09-11, February, 2021.
  • Dr. B.V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, Appreciation letter from Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, ANGRAU, Guntur. Appreciation letter from Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, ANGRAU, Guntur for receiving the Indian Council of Agricultural Research – Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi merit medal – 2021 for outstanding academic performance.
  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, Young Scientist Award. Outstanding contribution in the field of Plant Breeding on the occasion of International web conference on Innovative and Current Advances in Agriculture & Allied sciences (ICAAAS-2021) by Astha Foundation, Meerut in 2021-22.

Member of professional societies


  • Dr. K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, Life Member in Indian Society of Plant Breeders since 2022
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Society of Agri nanotechnology since 2018-19
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Journal of Research, ANGRAU since 2018-19
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Society of Agri nanotechnology since 2019-20
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Journal of Research, ANGRAU since 2019-20
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Society of Agri nanotechnology since 2020-21
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Journal of Research, ANGRAU since 2020-21
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Trends in Biosciences since 2020-21
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Advances in life sciences since 2020-21
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Annual member in The Entomological society of India since 2020-21
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Society of Agri nanotechnology since 2021-22
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Journal of Research, ANGRAU since 2021-22
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Trends in Biosciences since 2021-22
  • Dr. D. Lakshmi Kalyani, Life member in Advances in life sciences since 2021-22
  • M. Siva Rama Krishna, Annual membership in entomological society of India from October 2020
  • M. Siva Rama Krishna, Life membership in Indian society of plant protection from October 2020
  • M. Siva Rama Krishna, Fellow membership in Society of Agricultural Research and Social Development
  • M. Siva Rama Krishna, Conferred fellow in entomology by Society of Agricultural Research and Social Development for outstanding contributions in field of entomology

Publications


  • Nikhil Sagar U. Ravi Prakash B.V. Reddy, Mohan Vishnuvardhan K., and Rama Reddy Y. Genetic Variability and Correlation Analysis of Morphological, Yield and Fiber Traits in Desi cotton (G. arboreum L). Frontiers in Crop Improvement. Vol 9: 2282-2286 (December-2021). 4.67 (2022).
  • BanaVenkata Ravi Prakash Reddy, Kalapati Mohan Vishnuvardhan, D Lakshmi Kalyani1, T Raghavendra1 and Yettapu Rama Reddy. NDLH 2051-1: a high-yield, sucking pest-tolerant cultivar of cotton. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology. - 22(2): e41802225. 7.28 (2022).
  • U. Nikhil Sagar, B.V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, A. Prasanna Rajesh1, E.S.V. Narayana Rao1, N. Sabitha1, D. Lakshmi Kalyani2 and Y. Rama Reddy2. Genetic Assessment of Desi Cotton (G. arboreum L.) Geno types for Drought Tolerance Related Traits under Water Stress Condition. Frontiers in Crop Improvement. Vol 10 (2): 117-121. 4.67 (2022).
  • K. Mohan Vishnuvardhan, B. V. Ravi Prakash Reddy, D. Lakshmi Kalyani, M. Sivarama Krishna and Y. Rama Reddy. NDLH 2035-5: A high yielding cotton variety with high fibre quality and sucking pest tolerance suitable for both Central and South zones of India. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. Vol 13(2): 739 – 744. 5.14 (2022).
  • D. Lakshmi Kalyani, A. Sitha Rama Sharma, Y. Rama Reddy. Sequential application of herbicides for control of weeds in rainfed Bt cotton. Indian journal of weed science. 50 (4): 377-381. 5.17. 2018-19.
  • ASR Sharma, D. Lakshmi Kalyani and Dr. Y. Rama Reddy. Efficacy of novel insecticides and their combinations against leaf hoppers and pink boll warm in cotton in scarce rainfall zone of Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies. 8(6): 1868-1872. 5.53. 2020-21.
  • M. Shiva ram Krishna. Evaluation of scheduled sequential sprays of newer insecticides against pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) in cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2020; 8(5): 1947-1992.
  • M. Shiva ram Krishna. Comparative efficacy of novel insecticide molecules against sucking pests in cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2020; 8(5): 2288-2292.
  • M. Shiva ram Krishna. Validation of pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) management strategies in Bt cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2020; 8(5): 2064-2067.
  • M. Shiva ram Krishna. Impact of weather parameters on seasonal incidence of insect pests in Bt and non Bt cotton. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2020; 9(6): 696-701.
  • M. Shiva ram Krishna. Field Evaluation of Genetic Variability of Cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. Genotypes against Sucking Pests and Bollworms. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol. App.Sci (2020) 9(11): xx-xx.

Trials conducted


Sl. No. Year Crop Improvement Crop Production Crop Protection
1 2018-19 17 4 8
2 2019-20 17 4 8
3 2020-21 18 8 7
4 2021-22 11 10 9
5 2022-23 10 7 7

Details of the trials conducted


Crop Improvement

2018-19

  • Br. 02b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 03b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 04b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 05b, Initial Hybrid Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial - I (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial –II (G.h)
  • Br. 22a/b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.a)
  • Br. 24b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.a)
  • Br.22a/ b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.24 b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.22a/b CC trial on G. arboreum
  • Colour cotton trial (G.h)
  • Colour cotton trial (G.a)
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton varietal trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) - Promoted

2019-20

  • Br. 02b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 03b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 04b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 05b, Initial Hybrid Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial - I (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial –II (G.h)
  • Br. 22a/b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.a)
  • Br. 24b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.a)
  • Br.22a/ b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.24 b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.22a/b CC trial on G. arboreum
  • Colour cotton trial (G.h)
  • Colour cotton trial (G.a)
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton varietal trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) - Promoted
  • ICAR Bt cotton varietal trial (G.h) – Promoted trial

2020-21

  • Br. 02b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 03b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 04b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 05b, Initial Hybrid Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial - I (G.h)
  • Br. 06b Compact genotype trial –II (G.h)
  • Br. 22a/b, Initial Evaluation Trial (G.a)
  • Br. 24b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.a)
  • Br.22a/ b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.24 b Long lint trial G.a NT
  • Br.22a/b CC trial on G. arboreum
  • Colour cotton trial (G.h)
  • Colour cotton trial (G.a)
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton varietal trial (G.h) – New trial
  • ICAR Bt cotton (H X H) trial (G.h) - Promoted
  • ICAR Bt cotton varietal trial (G.h) – Promoted trial

2021-22

  • Br. 04b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.h)
  • Br. 24b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.a)
  • Br.03a/b CC trial on G. hirsutum
  • Br.22a/b CC trial on G. arboreum
  • Initial Evaluation Trial (HXH)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - I (HXH)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - II (HXH)
  • Initial Evaluation Trial – HIR
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - I (HIR)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - II (HIR)
  • Initial Evaluation Trial – HXH (Compact types)

2022-23

  • Br. 24b, Preliminary Varietal Trial (G.a)
  • Br.03a/b CC trial on G. hirsutum
  • Br.22a/b CC trial on G. arboreum
  • Initial Evaluation Trial (HXH)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - I (HXH)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - II (HXH)
  • Initial Evaluation Trial – HIR
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial - I (HIR)
  • Initial Evaluation Trial – HXH (Compact types)
  • Advanced Evaluation Trial – HXH (Compact types)

Crop Production


2018

  • Evaluation of compact cultures under HDPS with different nutrient levels
  • Enhancing Nitrogen use efficiency in Bt cotton
  • Technology for organic cotton production
  • Packages of labor-saving practices in Cotton

2019

  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum genotypes of cotton.
  • Evaluation of compact cultures under HDPS with different nutrient levels.
  • Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in Bt cotton
  • Technology for organic cotton production

2020

  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released hirsutum (NDLH 2051-1) genotype of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released hirsutum (DB16301) genotype of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum (PA837 and PAIG 380) genotypes of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum (DDCC 1 and CAN 405) genotypes of cotton.
  • Evaluation of compact cultures under HDPS with different nutrient levels.
  • Technology for organic cotton production
  • Input use pattern & cost of cultivation
  • Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton (G. h) production system

2021

  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released hirsutum genotype (var NDLH-2035-5) of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released hirsutum (var RAH-1075) genotype of cotton
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum (white cotton var DWDa 1802) genotypes of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum (colour cotton var CNA 1091) genotypes of cotton.
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre- release /recently released arboreum (colour cotton var DDCC 1801) genotypes of cotton.
  • Technology for Organic Cotton Production.
  • Input use pattern & cost of cultivation
  • Standardisation of geometry for Bt varieties
  • Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton (G. h) production system
  • Large scale testing of proven intervention-Integrated cotton production system.

2022

  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release/recently released hirsutum (var NDLH-2056-4) genotypes of cotton
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release/recently released hirsutum (var CCH19-2) genotypes of cotton
  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release/ recently released arboreum (Colour cotton var DDCC 1902) genotypes of cotton
  • Standardization of geometry for Bt varieties
  • Technology for Organic Cotton Production
  • Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton (G.h) production system
  • Input use pattern & cost of cultivation

2023

  • Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release/ recently released arboreum (Hirsutum hybrid SS 963 BG II) genotypes of cotton
  • Input use pattern & cost of cultivation
  • Canopy management in compact genotypes
  • Standardisation of geometry for Bt variety (HDPS)
  • Use of Defoliants to facilitate mechanical picking.
  • Yield maximization of Bt cotton by integrated crop management techniques

Crop Protection


2018-19

  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)
  • Advanced screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests
  • Population dynamics to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Determination of ETLs and estimation of yield losses for cotton pink bollworm
  • Evaluation of botanicals for the management of cotton pink bollworm
  • Validation of IPM module for cotton pink bollworm
  • Population dynamics in high density planting system of cotton
  • Evaluation of new chemicals/ scheduled sprays against pink bollworm

2019-20

  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)
  • Seasonal dynamics of cotton insect pests to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton in farmers field for weekly advisory
  • Estimation of yield losses and management of pink bollworm in cotton.
  • Evaluation of microbial formulations against bollworm complex in cotton
  • Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests.
  • Population dynamics in high density planting system of cotton
  • Evaluation of new chemicals/ scheduled sprays against pink bollworm

2020-21

  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)
  • Seasonal dynamics of cotton insect pests to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton in farmers field for weekly advisory
  • Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests
  • Evaluation of microbial formulations against bollworm complex in cotton.
  • Management of sucking pests in cotton
  • Evaluation of different bt cotton hybrids for sucking pests and pink bollworm

2021-22

  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)
  • Seasonal dynamics of cotton insect pests to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton in farmers field for weekly advisory
  • Management of sucking pests of cotton
  • Evaluation of Refugia in bag and structured refugia against bollworm complex in cotton
  • Evaluation of prominent insecticides against bollworm complex of cotton
  • Evaluation of different Bt cotton hybrids for sucking pests and pink bollworm.
  • Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests.
  • Evaluation of microbial formulations against bollworm complex in cotton.
  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)

2022-23

  • Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National and Zonal Trials)
  • Seasonal dynamics of cotton insect pests to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton in farmers field for weekly advisory
  • Integrated pest management in cotton
  • Microbial based volatiles for sucking pests management in Bt cotton
  • Evaluation of refugia in bag and structured refugia against bollworm complex in cotton.
  • Evaluation of label claim & prominent insecticides against bollworm complex in cotton.

Technologies Developed


New varieties released

  • Nandyal Cotton 22 (NDLH 2005-4), Released in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, South Rajasthan and Odisha states in 2021 with Gazette Notification Number S.O. 8(E). — Dated: 24-12-2021
  • Nandyal Cotton 23 (NDLH 2028-2), Released in Telangana Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states in 2021 with Gazette ID: CG-DL-E-04012022-232406
  • Nandyal Cotton 24 (NDLH 2051-1), Released in M.P, M.H, GJ, South Rajasthan and Odisha states in 2021with Gazette ID: CG-DL-E-04012022-232406
  • Nandyal Cotton 25 (NDLH 2035-5), Released in M.P, M.H, GJ, South Rajasthan and Odisha, T.S, A.P, KA and TN states in 2022 with Gazette ID: CG-DL-E-04012022-232406

CROP IMPROVEMENT: RESEARCH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Notified and released four cotton varieties through CVRC for cultivation in different states in India.
  • Three cotton varieties i.e., two G. arboreum and one G. hirsutum identification proposals were submitted to the Central Varietal Identification Committee during April, 2023.

CROP PRODUCTION: RESEARCH ACHIVEMENTS


  • The experiment on “Enhancing Nitrogen use efficiency in Bt cotton” during 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20, higher seed cotton yield (2515 kg ha-1) was recorded with T6 (75 % of RDN + spot application in 4 splits at basal, squaring , flowering and boll development stages + foliar application of 1% urea at squaring, flowering, boll development ) and was on par with T7 (2163kg ha-1) treatment i.e75 % of RDN + spot application in 4 splits at basal, squaring , flowering and boll development stages + foliar application of 1% urea at squaring, flowering, boll development + raising of fodder cowpea between rows incorporated before flowering. Lower seed cotton yield (1571 kg ha -1) was recorded with T1 i.e. no nitrogen treatment in 2019-20.
  • The experiment on “Technology for organic cotton production”. A field experiment on Technology for organic cotton production in G. arboreum was conducted from the last 7years (2016 to 2022). From pooled data, highest seed cotton yield (1574 kg ha-1) was recorded with recommended dose of nutrients through inorganic sources (20 kg N, 20 kg P2O5, 0 K2O), which was comparable with the seed treatment (5g/kg seed), soil application of azotobacter (5kg/ha) and neem cake 250 kg/ha followed by foliar application of PPFM (1%) at flowering and square formation stage along with inter cropping of soybean (1.5 t/ha) treatment recorded highest seed cotton yield (1478 kg/ha) and benefit cost ratio (2.8) in 2022-23.
  • The experiment on “Multi tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton production system “was conducted from the last 3years. From pooled data, highest seed cotton yield (1332 kg ha-1), net returns (49650 Rs. ha-1) and B: C ratio (2.3) were recorded with Paired row planting of Bt cotton with two rows of red gram, which was comparable with the Paired row planting of Bt cotton with one row red gram + one row foxtail millet (1172 kg ha-1) in 2022-23.

ENTOMOLOGY: RESEARCH ACHIVEMENTS


  • From the trial on screening of genotypes under national trial it was observed that seed cotton yield varied from 19.10 to 4.82 q/ha. Highest yield was recorded on the genotype, 220 (19.10 q/ha) followed by 206 (18.90 q/ha) and 214 (18.71 q/ha). (2018-19)
  • In the advanced screening trial, it was revealed that the genotypes viz., GISV 310, GISV 319 and JK 4 recorded 16.36 q/ha, 16.05 q/ha and 15.43 q/ha seed cotton yield, respectively and were found tolerant to sucking pests like aphids, jassids and thrips (2018-19)
    • Osheen 20 SG (Dinotefuron) @60g/acre for the management of whitefly and jassid
    • Curacron (Profenophos 50 EC) @500 ml/acre for the management of thrips
    • Polo (Diafenthiuron 50 WP) @200 g/acre for the management of thrips
    • Management of whitefly with Applaud 25 SC (Buprofezin) @ 400 ml/acre and Dantotsu 50WDG (Clothianidin) @ 20 ml/acre
    • Management of whitefly with home-made neem extract (boiling 4 kg of plant terminals in 10 litres of water for 30 minutes) @1200 ml/acre
    • Management of thrips with Delegate 11.7 SC (Spinetoram) @ 420 ml/ha
    • Management of whitefly with Daita 10 EC (Pyriproxyfen) @ 500ml/acre
    • Management of cotton jassid with Keefun 15EC (Tolfenpyrad) @300ml/acre in cotton
    • Management of thrips with Celcron 50 EC (Profenophos) @ 500 ml/ha
    • Management of whitefly on cotton with Sefina 50 DC (Afidopyropen)@ 400 ml/acre
    • Management of jassid on cotton with Neon 5 EC (Fenpyroximate) @300ml/acre
    • Management of pink bollworm with insecticide Proclaim 5 SG (emmamectin benzoate) @ 100g/ acre and Danitol 10 EC (fanpropathrin) @ 300ml/acre in cotton
    • Management of pink bollworm through mating disruption using paste-based formulation of 4% Gossyplure (CREMIT PBW) @ 125 gm/ acre/ per application starting from square initiation stage (40-50DAS) followed by two more applications at 30 days interval

PATHOLOGY: RESEARCH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Management of fungal foliar leaf spot with Application of 200 ml Amistar Top 325 SC (azoxystrobin + difenconazole) in 200 litre of water per acre in cotton.

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Mr. Gurcharan Singh (55 years, mobile no. 9465558592) S/o Gurdev Singh is from Gobindgarh -Dabrikhana village in Faridkot district of Punjab, India. He could study only up to primary education (5th class) due to family circumstances but has been practicing agriculture since his childhood. About 6 acres of land he inherited by him had poor fertility, was saline with meager canal irrigation facilities and yielded very little. Earlier, he was following the traditional paddy-wheat cropping system but due to brackish underground water application to paddy, soil health of his land started deteriorating. Someone from his relatives told him to get advice of Punjab Agricultural University for better farming and higher net returns with least expenditure. About 5 years ago in 2018, he visited Kisan mela on Kharif crops organized by Punjab Agricultural University at its Regional Research Station, Faridkot in March month. Here, he interacted with various agricultural scientists and also got technical knowhow from various stalls arranged to exhibit latest crop production and protection technologies. He was very much inspired by lectures on agricultural diversification. After visiting stall of Plant Breeding showcasing latest desi cotton varieties, he was very much impressed with LD-949 (latest desi cotton variety at that time) and decided to cultivate cotton in 1 acre on experimentation basis instead of rice in some dlkt of his acreage.

He was given improved seed by the university and followed all the cultivation practices as per recommended package of practices. Timely sown crop in month of April during first year of cotton cultivation was key to his success from cotton where he could get about 2450 kg of seed cotton yield on hectare basis. This yield was almost 33% higher as comdlked to what he was getting earlier from local varieties. At the same time, his expenditure on pesticide sprays especially for whitefly was minimum besides least water required for growing cotton. He was able to reap very good yield with just 2-3 irrigations owing to well distributed rainfall during cultivation year. Most of his produce is sold at premium price within his village as there was huge demand for lint of desi cotton as most of farmers prefer American cotton cultivation. Since then, he is regularly cultivating desi cotton at his farm and is very much satisfied with returns.

In addition, Dr Kulvir Singh, Incharge of FLD program on cotton advised him to improve soil fertility by addition of FYM and green manure. He followed this land reclamation programme, and witnessed a tremendous improvement in soil fertility. With improvement in soil fertility, he switched to growing of vegetables at his farm for domestic consumption and this practice is still continued etc. Gradually, through sheer hard work, his income from agriculture started increasing. Now he regularly dlkticipates in extension programmes such as Kisan melas, field days and crop seminars organised by extension centres of PAU. To prevent distress sale in the market, he stores his seed cotton to sell in future at a higher rate. He does not burn the paddy straw but rather ploughs it back into the soil to improve the environment and soil fertility and attain sustainable productivity. The desi cotton cultivation fetches him a net income of Rs. 75,000/- per ha. He also maintains a dairy enterprise comprising 4 milch animals which produce about 20 litres of milk per day. After sdlking milk for domestic consumption, the surplus milk is sold to dairy units, which fetches him an annual income Rs. 15,000/- month. He is a successful amalgamation of modern farming using agro technologies, prosperity and human values combined with simplicity, and knowledge. Though a small farmer but he is happy and intends to continue cotton cultivation in near future.


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