ALL INDIA COORDINATED COTTON IMPROVEMENT PROJECT - CENTERS


HISAR

List of released cotton cultivars from your station with characteristics and good quality photographs

Cotton Varieties. ( G.hirsutum L.)

H 777 : This variety was developed through selection of plants (Mass selection) from Bikaneri Narma (unspecified strain popular with farmer) and released for general cultivation in 1978. The release of H 777 brought a revolution for cotton cultivation in the State. Extra ordinary feature of this variety was its early maturing shorter duration habit. Its crop duration is 180 days when planted in the month of May, then crop is terminated by middle of November. Because of its early maturing habits, the farmers in the State adopted cotton-wheat rotation very successfully. This variety remained on the cotton map of the state for more than a decade. It was resistant to jassids and escape spotted as well as pink boll worm considerably by virtue of its being early in maturity and synchronous in production of flowers and fruiting bodies, and completes its life cycle before the onset of frost

Its plant grows upto 120-150 cm, bears 3-6 strong monopods, semi spreading, stem and leaves covered with hairs, flowers and pollens of cream colour and boll shape is oblong with pointed tip. Its average yield is 18 q/ha.

H 655 c: Another American cotton variety H 655c also released at the same time in 1978. It was developed through hybridization, following pedigree method of breeding, from a cross of "02982 x PRS-74". Its boll weight was 3.2 g and far superior in fibre length and fibre properties, spinnable at 40's. The duration of the variety was 210 days, more than the other early maturing varieties. Due to this reason the farmers for cultivation under double cropping system did not prefer this variety. Its average yield is 15 q/ha.

HS 45 : It was released for early sowings (before middle of May) in the State. It was developed through hybridization involving 'H 777x M8", having 2-5 monopods, spreading, leaves medium in size, hairs on stem and leaves, flower and pollen of cream colour. Crop maturity period is 185-190 days and average kapas yield is 16 q/ha. This variety is not under seed chain presently.

HS-6 : High yielding medium maturing Narma variety HS 6 was released in 1992. It was bred through pedigree method attempting three way cross "(Bikaneri Narma x K3199) x Bikaneri Narma" after extensive testing in research and farmers trials over several locations and years. It was recommended both for early and normal planting (upto 15 May). Its plant height is 150-160 cm. It has 2-5 strong monopods, light green medium size leaves and round boll shape. Being synchronous in flowering and boll opening, less number of pickings are needed. Boll opening is fluffy and clean cotton is picked up with low trash content. Last picking is completed by the end of November vacating the fields for timely sowings of wheat. Its average yield is 20 qt./ha. It has field resistance against insect-pests and diseases (Except cotton leaf curl virus).

H 974 : Another American Narma variety, suitable for normal and late planting from second fortnight of May to 10 th of June was released in 1992. Plant is bushy with 2-3 monopods, green and medium broad and flat leaf raised in the center is a distinguishing character of this variety with cream corolla and pollen. It is fairly resistant to bollworms (Pink and Spotted), jassids and tolerant to partial intermittent drought conditions. Its average yield is 1861 kg/ha. This is now not in seed chain.

H 1098 : This is the first sympodial variety released for cultivation in 1995 for Haryana State . It was bred through 'Pedigree" method involving three way-cross-'(LH 354 xSBI 71) x H 777" as parents. It is high yielding and early maturing having 165 days crop duration suitable for late sowing i.e. 10 th May to 10 June, Plant is sympodial with 0-1 monopodia (can be more due to early detopping of growing shoot tip) green and broad flat leaf raised in the center, cream anther and flower. Its average yield is 1943 kg/ha.

H 1117 : It is the first cotton leaf curl viral disease tolerant variety released for cultivation in the Haryana State . This variety was developed through pedigree method from cross (H777x Ac 134) x (H 777 x GS 21). Its plants are having 4-6 strong monopods, small size cup shape hairy green leaves, cream flower and anther with pointed round bolls. This variety matures in 185 days and suitable for early and normal sowing i.e. 15 April to 15 th May. Its average yield is 1918 kg/ha and potential yield is 3704 kg/ha.

H 1226 : It is the first cotton leaf curl virus disease resistant variety recommended for release for cultivation in the Haryana State . This variety was developed through Mass-pedigree method through the cross RS 2013 x H777. Its plants are having 2-3 strong monopodia, small size cup shape hairy light green leaves, yellow flower and dull creamish anther with pointed round bolls. Its petal are dark yellow at the base and light yellow at the periphery/tips. This variety matures in 170-175 days and suitable for normal sowing i.e. around 15 th May. Its average yield is 2151 kg/ha and potential yield is 4292 kg/ha.

American Cotton Hybrid:

HHH 81 (Dhan Luxmi): This is the first intra- hirsutum cotton hybrid released in Haryana in 1995. Its plants attain 150 cm. height, having 4-6 strong monopods, leaves green with hairy surface, corolla cream, yellow pollen and big boll with pointed apex. It is fairly resistant to spotted as well as Pink boll worm and other insect-pests and diseases, resistant to lodging and non-shedding, and picking is over before the onset of frost. Its average yield is 2251 kg/ha. It takes 185 days in maturity therefore sowing should be completed before 15 May. It spins at 40's.

HHH 223: This is first cotton leaf curl virus disease resistant cotton hybrid released in 2001 for cultivation in Haryana State . Its plant is tall and erect growing, leaves green, hairy, medium in size, flower colour yellowish with anthers creamy. It can be sown from 15 th April to 20 th May as this hybrid matures in 180 days. The average yield of this hybrid is 2124 kg/ha and potential yield is 3933 kg/ha and ginning out turn is 35.2 per cent.

HHH 287: HHH 287 is first genetic male sterility based intra hirsutum hybrid released by State Variety Release Committee in 2005 for irrigated conditions of Haryana State . Medium height (150-160 cm) erect growing, leaves green, hairy, medium in size, corolla and anthers cream in colour, close bearing, medium boll wt. (.4 g.). It matures in 160-170 days and farmer can plant wheat crop in time. It is resistant to leaf curl virus disease. Hybrid seed production is easy and cheap (Rs. 125/kg) in comparasion to conventional hybrids (Rs. 700/kg). This hybrid possesses ginning percent (34.2), 2.5% span length (27.8 mm), strength (22.4) and spins at 40 count. The yield potential of this hybrid is 3285 kg/ha. and average kapas yield is 2045 kg/ha.

Cotton varieties ( G. arboreum L.)

DS-1 :Desi cotton variety DS-1, developed through mutation breeding (gamma Radiation) from variety G 27 and was released in 1983. It replaced the very old desi cotton variety G 27. It is tall growing (150-190 cm) and has tendency to go taller in humid and fertile soil conditions. Its plants body colour is red. Several monopods at the base, leaves medium in size, broad, 3 to 6 lobed, outer margin of petals pink, which gives an impression of pink flower with dark red petal spot at the base or "red eyes" and yellow pollen. It is highly resistant to jassids and bacterial blights. Crop is resistant to lodging and drought, escapes from bollworms due to early maturing habits. Its fibre is coarse and short, not suitable for mill consumption, however it is quite suitable for domestic use, medical dressing and for the non-spinning purpose.

DS-5: High yielding early maturing short staple desi cotton variety developed through hybridization (Shamli x S-44-4) was released in 1987. It has green plant body and foliage. 150 cm tall, having several monopods at the base, leaves medium size-narrow 3-5 lobed, flower (corolla) white, dark red 'eye' at the base, yellow pollen with medium size bolls. The variety is resistant to bacterial blight and highly resistant to jassids. Its early maturing and synchrononous flowering habit helps in escaping from pink boll worm damage to a greater extent. DS-5 is tolerant to shattering of seed cotton at the time of boll opening, which is an extra-ordinary feature of this variety against most of desi cotton varieties. Due to this character of the variety frequent pickings are not required and this reduces the cost of cotton pickings. Its mean yield is 2238 kg/ha.

HD 107: HD 107 was released in 1995. It gave stable performance for seed cotton yield over varying environmental fluctuations. Its plant is semi-determinate, bears 2-3 monopods and 12-15 short sympods. Leaf lobe is narrow with deep cut, small and green leaves, cream corolla colour with yellow pollens and small light red spot on petals inside at the base. Crop duration is 170 days with last pickings in second fortnight of October. It is resistant to Jassids and fairly escape boll worms damages. It has short and coarse fibre suitable for non-spinable purposes. Mean seed cotton yield is 22 quintals per hectares. It possess 38.5% lint and 15.0 mm fibre length.

HD 123: This variety is suitable for cotton-wheat/cotton-Raya rotation as its picking is finished about 10 days earlier than old desi cotton varieties. It matures in about 160-165 days. Its average yield is 23 q/ha. It possesses 39.5% lint and 15 mm fibre length. The stem and leaves of HD-123 are of green colour. The leaves are okra type. The flower is white and small. The height of plants is 150 cm with round bolls.

HD 324: The state variety release committee has released new desi cotton variety, HD 324 in 2004. The average yield of this variety is 2200 kg/ha against 1719 kg/ha of HD 123 (Local check). The plant of this variety is of red colour. It possesses 3-4 monopods; small leaves with deep lobes, pink coloured flower with spotted red eyes. It is suitable for normal planting and can tolerate drought conditions. It is tolerant to insect pest and diseases. It possesses 42% lint and mean fibre length is 15.0 mm. Crop duration of this variety is 180 days. This can be planted in April and will vacate the field by the end of October

cotton hybrid:

AAH-1 :The first GMS based hybrid of desi cotton and released at national level for cultivation in north zone during 1999. Its major advantage is that its seed production is cheaper because of its female parent has genetic male sterility (GMS) system. The female parent is DS-5 and the male parent is HD 266. The Hybrid plant is 150 cm in height with dark green coloured leaves having red mid rib and veins and stem. It is sown in April and cotton picking can be done by October. Its average production is 25 q/ha. Its male and female can be obtained from CCS HAU, Hisar.

Lines registered

  • One genetic male sterile line namely HGMS-1 registered (INGR NO. 04049) to NBPGR, New Delhi .
  • Male parent (HD 266) of Desi cotton hybrid, AAH-1 registered to NBPGR, New Delhi .

Ongoing research activities discipline wise

Plant Breeding

  • Improvement of desi cotton- development of desi cotton hybrids.
  • Evaluation and maintenance of available M.S. Lines.
  • Conversion of the superior identified parents into MS system (in progress)
  • Development of short duration (160-170 days) intra-specific MS based American
  • cotton hybrids
  • Identification of immune/resistant sources for cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) disease and their utilization in the development of resistant hybrids
  • Identification of resistant sources for boll worms and sucking pests and their utilization in the development of resistant hybrids.
  • Development of short duration, medium staple intra- hirsutum hybrids (conventional).
  • Development of high yielding early maturing resistant to insect pests and disease and better fibre quality varieties.
  • Development of diploid cotton cultivars with high fibre quality.
  • Maintenance of germplasm lines in Desi and American cotton. Evaluation of 129 American germplasm lines regarding CLCuV reaction.
  • Maintenance of nucleus lines of parents of Hybrids (AAH-1, HH 223 and 287) and production of the basic seed to be utilized for producing hybrid seed by Govt. and private seed agencies.
  • Bt. cotton hybrid trials of Private seed companies will be conducted on university contract basis.
  • All the coordinated trials on hybrid cotton will be conducted
  • Conversion of the superior identified parents into MS system
  • 9 station hybrid trials in American cotton and 5 in desi cotton will be conducted for evaluating 170 American cotton hybrids and 75 desi cotton hybrids.
  • Evaluating 68 parents of Desi cotton regarding genetic divergence and characterization.
  • Evaluation and development of introgressed material.
  • Development of Tetraploid Cotton Cultivars with High Fibre Quality and Resistance to Drought and Biotic Stress. (MM Project)
  • Genetic improvement through introgression of useful genes in cultivated species of cotton (MM Project)
  • Development of diploid cotton cultivars with high fibre quality (MM Project)
  • All India Coordinated Cotton Improvement Project
  • Nucleus and breeder seed production.
  • To maintain and screen the germplasm of Cotton.
  • To evolve the high yielding long linted cotton for Haryana state.
  • To study the agronomic requirements and to work out plant protection schedule

Agronomy Part

  • Survey, isolation and enumeration of Azospirillum , Phosphobacteria and Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (Facultative Methylobacterium and other PGPR) from rhizosphere soils of cotton and cotton based cropping system.
  • Screening of isolates
  • Testing of promising bioinoculants for potential utilization in cotton
  • To study the individual effect of the bioinoculants on cotton

Plant Pathology  

  • Observations on the occurrence of diseases (farmer's field and research farm)
  • Disease progress in relation to weather factors
  • Screening of breeding lines for disease resistance
  • Control of foliar diseases by bio-agents
  • Observation on the occurrence of diseases in Bt cotton hybrids
  • Screening of germplasm lines

Physiology

  • Screening of cotton genotypes for salinity stress tolerance.
  • Investigations on physiological efficiency in Bt. Cotton hybrids.
  • Studies on amelioration of water stress through use of osmoprotectants.

Entomology

  • Screening of breeding materials for key pests of cotton.
  • Population dynamics of cotton Insect-pests in relation to climatic conditions to develop suitable forecasting models.
  • Seed treatment for control of sap sucking pests
  • Chemical control of bollworm
  • Evaluations of Bt. cotton cultivars against the bollworms

Biochemistry

  • Biochemical evaluation of genotypes to tolerant/resistant to bollworm and sap sucking pests of cotton.
  • Screening of Seeds of different cotton genotypes for quality characters
  • Influence of organic and chemical fertilizers on biochemical parameters in cotton genotypes
  • Studies on biochemical parameters for tolerance to salinity stress.

Contact:

Sr.Scientist (Cotton)
Chowdhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University,
Hisar - 125 001
HARYANA  

Phone no: 01662-231171, 231172(O) 236082(R) 

Fax no:01662-234952 01662-234613

Email : hisar_aiccip@yahoo.com