ALL INDIA COORDINATED COTTON IMPROVEMENT PROJECT - CENTERS


FARIDKOT

The Regional Station, Faridkot is located in the agriculturally most potential region - Zone IV (South-Western Zone) of Punjab . This station was established in April 1970 and has about 45 acre of rich fertile, leveled and well laid out farm area for experimentation.

Zone IV lies between the central Plain Zone on the North - East and Western Zone on the South - West. The Zone IV comprises 21 development blocks: Bhikhwind, Patti and Valtoha of Ameritsar district; Zira, Ghall Khurd and Ferozpur of Ferozpur district; Moga-I, Moga-II, Nihalsingh Wala and Bagha Purana of Moga district; Phul, Rampura and Talwandi Sabo of Bhatinda district; Mansa and Budhlada of Mansa district; and Sehna, Barnala, Sangrur, Sunam and Lehragag of Sangrur district. It covers about 10,049 km 2 (14,91,300 ha, gross cropped area) area, representing nearly 20 per cent area of the state. The altitude of the zone varies between 200 to 300 msl. The soil are largely of alluvial origin and coarse to fine in texture. Mostly the soils are alkaline in reaction having pH more than 7.5. The water table in the region varies from 2 m to 10 m below the ground level. The sub-soil water is brackish and salty, which is not fit for irrigation to crops. The average annual rainfall and potebtial evapo-transpiration of the zone is 419 mm and 1424 mm, respectively. The principal kharif crops of the zone are rice, cotton, sugarcane and mungbean. The important rabi crops are wheat, chickpea, rapeseed and mustard. In addition, horticulture and vegetable crops also cover a considerable area in this zone.

The Mandate

  • Development of high yielding, early maturing varieties and hybrids of cotton having superior fibre quality and resistance/tolerance to various biotic and abiotic stresses
  • Development of high yielding varieties of chickpea, mungbean and pigeonpea having better nutritional quality and resistance/tolerance to various biotic and abiotic stresses
  • Development of early, mid and late maturing varieties of sugarcane having high cane yield, high sugar and resistance to various biotic and abiotic stresses
  • Undertaking basic, strategic and applied research for developing location specific crop management technology for maximization production of cotton, pulses and sugarcane
  • Testing and verification of improved varieties of different field crops
  • Production of basic and breeder seed of improved varieties of cotton, pulses and other crops
  • Dissemination of scientific information to the farmers

Significant Achievements

Crop Improvement:

The following cotton varieties/hybrids are developed/tested and released for cultivation in Punjab:

Crop

Variety/hybrid

American cotton

F 414, F 286, LH 886, F 505, LH 1134, LH 900, F 846, F 1054, F 1378, LH 1556, Fateh, F 1861, LHH 144

arboreum cotton

LD 327, LD 491, LDH 11, LD 694, Moti

Crop production and protection recommendations

  • Imidacloprid (Gaucho 70WS) @ 5 g/kg seed as seed treatment has been recommended for jassid control in cotton
  • Chickpea as an inter-crop in autumn sugarcane
  • Sowing in April of cotton crop is recommended
  • Plant to plant spacing of 60.0 cm in American cotton is recommended
  • Four Sprays of 2% KNO3 starting with the onset of flowering is recommended in cotton
  • To control whitefly in sugarcane Imidacloprid is recommended
  • Under brackish water conditions cultivation of CoJ 88 is recommended

Contact:

Sr.Scientist (Cotton)
Punjab Agricultural University
Regional Research Station
Faridkot - 151 203
PUNJAB

Phone no: 01639-251244(O) 253693(R)

Email : Faridkot_aiccip@ yahoo.com