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Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Nanded, Maharashtra


Historical background :

The then Hyderabad State farms one the chief cotton growing tracts in India with a fairly large area of 3,50,000 acre under cotton and appreciable portion of its produce is of excellent quality. Hyderabad Gaorani or Bani variety was grown in the state was one of the finest indigenous genotypes was well known for strength and silkiness. However, at the beginning of 19th century, detoriation was observed in the quality of cotton due to influx of short stapled coarse varieties from neighboring states. With a view to maintain quality and reputation of Hyderabad Gaorani cotton, the then Hyderabad government notified Gaorani tract as a ‘Gaorani Protected area’ in 1929 under Cotton Transport Act and also undertook research work for the improvement of variety. North Gaorani Protected area includes Nanded district; Hingoli, Kalamnuri and Basmat taluka of Parbhani district and Nirmal taluka of Adilabad district.

In 1928, the Indian Central Cotton Committee sanctioned the Hyderabad Cotton Research Scheme at Parbhani for period of 5 years (1929-34).

Work done during 1929 to 1934: The Hyderabad Gaorani cotton has three main defects viz., low yielding capacity, low ginning percentage and poor boll opening. The cotton breeding research was therefore directed towards producing of improved strains having improved quality of original varieties and would possess high yielding, better ginning and boll opening. By the end of five years period (1929-34), four improved strains viz., Gaorani 4. Gaorani 6, Gaorani 55 and Parbhani 25 which were superior to local Gaorani variety.

Workdone 1934 to 1939: In 1937, the Indian Central Cotton Committee approved for extensive distributing of Gaorani 6 in north eastern zone of Gaorani Protected Area due its suitability for cultivation as well as better economic characters. Area under this strain increased rapidly and by the end of 1938-39. Area under Gaorani 6 was 2,20,000 acres. Growers of Gaorani 6 cotton earned extra income of Rs. 1,78,27,995/- by the end of 1948-49 out of each income of Rs. 24 lakhs were earned by farmers of Nanded district.

Workdone 1939 to 1944: In the meeting held in July 1938, The Indian Central Cotton Committee reviewed work of scheme and sanctioned further extension for five years from 01.04.1939 undertaking to share the expenditure on 50:50 basis with Hyderabad Government and on condition that the Cotton Research Station located at Parbhani should be shifted to Nanded.

Work done during 1944 to 1949: (i) Newly evolved improved strain Gaorani 12 was superior to Gaorani 6 and local strains. Scheme for multiplication and distribution of Gaorani 12 was sanctioned in 1946 by the Indian Central Cotton Committee and Hyderabad Government. (ii) Twelve fine quality strains were evolved at Cotton Research Station, Nanded superior to Gaorani 6 in respect of fibre length, ginning percentage, boll size and resistance to fuzarium wilt. (iii) Three early maturity sub strains were evolved from Gaorani 4 M 11. (iv) Substrains Gaorani 6 and Gaorani 4 M-11 were found resistant for wilt at Poona. (v) Studies on tillage operations (ploughing and Harrowing) after Jowar / Groundnut, Mechanical weed management were done. (vi) Application of 20-40 lbs nitrogen / acre in form of groundnut cake or Ammonium sulphate increases yield. (vii) Crop rotation – Jowar / Mung – Jowar – Groundnut – Cotton gives higher cotton yields and gross monetary returns.

Climatic conditions

The climate of this region in Maharashtra is known as dry climate during all seasons except the season of south west monsoon. Nanded experiences four different seasons such as the cold season, hot season, hot monsoon season and south west monsoon season. The city experiences cold season on months from November to February. The hot season occurs during the months of March to June first week while from the second week of June to October first week, the region experiences south west monsoon season.

October second week to November first half, post monsoon season follows. The cold season occurs in the month of December and the temperature experienced by the city during this coldest month is 13 degree Celsius. May is known as the hottest month as the temperature can let the mercury soar at 46 degree Celsius. The district of Nanded enjoys an average rainfall of 897.8 mm and about 88% of the total rainfall is experienced during the south west monsoon season of Nanded.

Major Cotton growing Districts in the state where centre present:

  • CRS, Nanded (VNMKV, Parbhani) jurisdiction: Nanded, Parbhani, Beed, Aurangabad, Jalna, Hingoli,
  • Dr. PDKV, Akola Jurisdiction: Yeotmal, Washim, Buldhana, Akola, Amravati, Nagpur, Wardha,
  • MPKV, Rahuri Jurisdiction: Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar and Ahemadnagar

Mandate and Objectives

  • To develop high yielding, superior quality and disease resistant improved cotton varieties / hybrids of G. arboreum and G. hirsutum cotton suitable for growing under agro-climatic conditions of Marathwada region.
  • To develop improved production technologies / package of cultivation practices suitable for growing cotton under dry land agriculture.
  • To undertake studies on different pests and diseases of cotton in the region and formulate effective plant protection schedule / IPM module.
  • To test cotton genotypes developed at other research stations of India under AICRP on Cotton and utilize promising germplasm / lines for improvement of locally adopted genotypes in respect of yield, fibre quality, resistance to biotic and abiotic stress conditions and other characters.
  • Production of Nucleus and Breeder seed of improved cotton varieties and parental lines of hybrids and their supply to different agencies for large scale multiplication.
  • To provide technical know-how to development and extension staff of Agril. Deptt., State Seed Corporations, KVKs for transfer of improved technologies. Also to provide guidance to cotton farmers of the region for adoption of improved technologies through FLDs, Krishi melas etc.

Name of the ScientistDr. V. N. Chinchane
DesignationAssociate Professor
DisciplineAgricultural Botany (Genetics and Plant Breeding)
Year Since ICAR-AICRP
on Cotton
2021
Mob:8010792199
Email Id:vijaync123@ rediffmail.com

Significant research achievements:

Development and release of long linted desi cotton varieties viz., PA 08, PA 528, PA 740, PA 785, PA 812, PA 810, PA 837.

Publications in cotton

  • Research papers: 43
  • Proceeding papers: 6
  • Conference/symposium abstracts: 52
  • Book chapters: 6
  • Leaf lets: 6
  • Popular articles: 10

Name of the ScientistDr. V. K. Khargkharate
Designation Associate Professor
DisciplineAgronomy
Year Since ICAR-AICRP
on Cotton
2005
Mob:8888055992
Email Id:vilaskhargakharate@gmail.com

Significant research achievements:
Agronomic requirements of Bt cotton, cropping system, High density planting system

Publications in cotton:
  • Research papers: 23
  • Conference/symposium abstracts: 12
  • Leaf lets: 2
  • Popular articles: 6

Name of the ScientistDr. B. V. Bhede
DesignationAssistant Professor
DisciplineAgricultural Entomology
Year Since ICAR-AICRP
on Cotton
2021
Mob:7588082028
Email Id:bvb1093@gmail.com

Significant research achievements:
Development and validation of IPM module for cotton, pigeon pea and gram.

Publications in cotton:
  • Research papers: 24
  • Books/ Booklets: 4
  • Folders: 14
  • Popular articles: 32

Workshops/Conferences/Symposium attended


  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, International Conference Advances in Agriculture and Allied Science Technologies for Sustainable Development. 2 days (Feb. 10-11, 2018). Osmania University, Hyderabad. Gnesis Urban and Development Society, Hyderabad
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, International Conference (8th) on ‘Agriculture, Horticulture and Food Science’. 2 days (Dec. 29-30, 2018). New Delhi. The Society of tropical Agriculture, New Delhi
  • Dr.V. N. Chinchane, International Congress on Cotton and other fibre crops. 4 days (Feb. 20-23, 2018). ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya. Cotton Research and Development Association, Hisar and ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • Dr. V.N.Chinchane, DAE-BRNS Life Sciences symposium 2018 (LSS- 2018) Frontiers in Sustainable Agriculture. 3 days (April. 26-28, 2018). Bhabha Atomic Resaerch Centre, Mumbai.
  • Dr. V.N.Chinchane, 1st National Genetics congress on Genetics for Sustainable Food, Health and Nutrition Security. 3 days (Dec. 14-26, 2018). IARI, New Delhi. Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding (ISGPB), New Delhi
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede, National Conference on Advances in Agriculture and Allied Sciences. 04.10.2018. Aditya Agricultural Education Group, Beed
  • Dr. P.K.Dhoke, National seminar on Potential, Prospects and strategies for Doubling Farmers Income. 15-16 December 2018. Akola. Dr.P.D.K.V. Akola
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, National Conference of Maharashtra Society of Agricultural Economics. 2 days (December 21-22, 2019). Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani. Maharashtra Society of Agricultural Economics
  • Dr. V. N. Chinchane, National Symposium on Cotton Production Technologies in the Next Decade: Problems & Perspectives. 3 days (January 22-24, 2020). Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar. Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede, 22nd National Conference of Maharashtra Society of Agricultural Economics. December 21-22, 2019. Parbhani. Department of Agricultural Economics, VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Prof. A. R. Gaikwad, National Symposium: ‘Cotton Production Technologies in Next Decade: Problems and Perspectives’. January 22-24, 2020. Odisha University of Agricultural and Technology Bhubaneswar. Cotton Research and Development Association, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar and OUAT, Bhubaneswar\
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, National Seminar (online) on ‘Onfarm skill development through soil and water conservation technologies: A buffer against production risks in the face of climate’. One day (July 25, 2020). Online. Rajmata Vijayaraje Scidia Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Gwalior
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede, National Webinar on "Pesticide Residue management: Indian Scenario". January 23, 2021 (1 day). Online. NAHEP-CAAST, NAU, Navsari, Gujarat
  • Dr. P.K.Dhoke, Digital Technologies for Smart Agriculture: A Futuristic Plan. 4 days (10 – 13 August 2020). VNMKV, Parbhani. NAHEP and VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, International Agronomy Congress (Fifth) on ‘Agri innovations to combat food and nutrition challanges’. 5 days (Nov. 23-27, 2021). PJTSAU, Hyderabad. The Indian Society of Agronomy, New Delhi and PJTSAU, Hyderabad
  • Prof. A. R. Gaikwad, International conference on Future Chanllenges and Prospectus in Plant Breeding. 06.10.2021 to 7.10.2021. TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics and Indian Socity of Plant Breeders (ISPB)
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, National Symposium on ‘Paradigm shift in cotton cultivation’. 3 days (8-10 Aug 2022). MPUAT, Udaipur. Cotton Research, Development Association, Hisar and MPUAT, Udaipur and ICAR, New Delhi
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, International Conference on ‘Reimagining rainfed agro-ecosystems: Challenges and opportunities. 3 days (Dec. 22-24, 2022). Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad. Indian Society of Dryland Agriculture
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Biennial Workshop of ‘All India Coordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming System’. 4 days (18-21 January, 2023). MPKV, Rahuri. AICRP on Cotton
  • Dr. V. N. Chinchane, Annual Group Meeting of ‘All India Coordinated Research Project on Cotton’. 3 days (6-8 April 2022). TNAU, Coimbatore. AICRP on Cotton and GBPUAT
  • Dr. V. N. Chinchane, National Symposium on ‘Paradigm shift in cotton cultivation’. 3 days (8-10 Aug., 2022). MPUAT, Udaipur. Cotton Research, Development Association, Hisar and MPUAT, Udaipur and ICAR, New Delhi
  • Prof. A. R. Gaikwad, National symposium on Paradigm Shift in cotton cultivation. 08- to 10 August 2022. Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur. Cotton Research and Development Association, CCS HAU, Hisar and Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur and ICAR, New Delhi

Trainings attended


  • Dr. V. N. Chinchane. Maintenance breeding and assured quality seed production in dual purpose crops and grasses. 21 days (Sept.11- Octo.1,2018). Seed Technology Division, ICAR. Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi. ICAR, New Delhi
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Winter School Training on ‘Insect Resistance to Bt Toxins and Insecticides in Cotton’. 21 days (January 18 -February 7,2018). Nagpur. ICAR-CICR, Nagpur
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on ‘Integrated Pest Management’. 8 October to 8 December 2018 (8 Weeks). Online.IIT Kanpur and UAS, Raichur
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Resource management in rainfed drylands. 5 weeks (March 25th to May 6th, 2019). Online. agMOOCs
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. e-Extension. 6 Weeks (October 18th to November 30th, 2019). Online. agMOOCs
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Conservation agriculture based sustainable intensification. February 18th to March 31st, 2020. Online. agMOOCs
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Integrated Vertebrate Pest Management. 6 February to 26 February 2020 (21 days). Hyderabad. NIPHM, Hyderabad
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on “Diagnosis of Crop and Stored Grain Pests and their Management”. February to March 2020 (6 Weeks). Online. IIT Kanpur and UAS, Raichur
  • Prof.A.R.Gaikwad. Training Programe: Importance of Intellectual Property Rights in Agricultural Research and Education. 03.08.2019. VNMKV, Parbhani. Directore of Research, VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Personality development, effective communication skills and stress management. One week (April 14-18, 2020). Online. CAAST for Climate Smart Agriculture and Water Management, MPKV, Rahuri
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Integrated Pest Management. 8 weeks (May 5th to June 30th, 2020). Online. agMOOCs
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Recent Advances and Instrumentation in Agricultural Meteorology. One week (May 26 to June 2, 2020). Online. CAAST for Digital Farming Solutions for Enhancing Productivity by Robots, Drone and AGVs (DFSRDA), VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Dr.V.N.Chinchane. Integrated Pest Management. 8 weeks (May 5th to June 30th, 2020). Online. agMOOCs
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. National e-Training on ‘Indian Agricultural Education System and Entrepreneurship Scope in 21st Century’. 2 weeks (5-14 August 2020). Online. Dr. PDKV, Akola
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. National Level Online Training on ‘Recent Advances in Entomology –New Dimensions to Invigorate the Insect Pest Management’. 10 days (7-18 December 2020). Online. College of Horticulture, Bidar, Karnataka
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Training on “Personality Development and Life Skills”. 03-05 March, 2021 (3 days). Online.NAHEP, VNMKV, Parbhani
  • Dr. P.K.Dhoke. National e-Training on ‘Indian Agricultural Education System and Entrepreneurship Scope in 21st Century’. 2 weeks (5-14 August 2020). Online. Dr. PDKV, Akola
  • Dr. P.K.Dhoke. Plant pathology and soil health. 15 June -14 December 2020. Online. Swayam and university of Mysore
  • Dr. P.K.Dhoke. Modern practices of plant and animal nutrition for sustainable agriculture production and intensive livestock development. 02 - 22 February 2021 (21 days). Online. ICAR and NADC
  • Dr. P.K. Dhoke. Mushroom production and processing technology. 02 - 22 March 2021. Online. Indra Gandhi Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya and NADC
  • Prof.A.R.Gaikwad. Training course: ‘Employment Generation among rural youth through agripreneurship’. 14 June, 2020. ‘Six-week course’. Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour. IIT, Kanpur
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. International Training Series on "Healthy Workplace Initiative #Ergonomics". 21st June, 28th June and 05th July, 2021 (3 days). Online. Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan
  • Prof.A.R.Gaikwad. Advances in Agripreneurship and skill development for reshaping the future of Indian agriculture. 1st Aug to 15th Aug, 2021. Punjab. Agro Environmental education and farmers welfare society, Punjab and Just Agriculture
  • Prof.A.R.Gaikwad. Crop Improvement through technology intervention of Biotechnology Microbiology and Nanotechnology. 16/09/2021 to 06/10/2021. Dr. bvbKV, Dapoli. Plan Biotechnology centre, college of Agriculture, Dapoli Dist. Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Food Security and Soil Health Management through Agronomic Interventions. 3 Weeks (02-22 Nov., 2022). GBPUAT, Pantnagar. CAFT Agronomy. College of Agriculture. GBPUAT, Pantnagar
  • Dr. B. V. Bhede. Statistical Techniques for Agriculturists. 30 May 2022 to 19 July 2022 (6 weeks). Online. AgMoocs, IIT, Kanpur
  • Dr. P. K. Dhoke. Role of science and technology in sustainable agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry and allied sectors: Retrospective and prospective approach. 9-29 November 2022. Online. ICAR and NADCL
  • Prof. A. R. Gaikwad. IP Awareness training programme. Sept. 2, 2022. Govt. of India, Intellectual Property office. National Intellectual Property Awareness Office, India

Fellowships

  • Dr. K. S. Baig: Fellow of the Scholers Academic and Scientific Society, Nagaon, Assam from March 2022

Member of professional societies:

  • Dr. K. S. Baig, Life member, Cotton Research and Development Association, CCSHAU, Hisar
  • Dr. K. S. Baig, Life member, Journal of Agriculture Research and Technology
  • Dr. K. S. Baig, Life member, Society for Soybean Research and Development
  • Bhede B. V. Life member, Entomological society of India, New Delhi
  • Bhede B. V. Life member, Cotton Research and Development Association, CCSHAU, Hisar
  • Bhede B. V. Life member, Plant protection Association of India, Hyderabad
  • Bhede B. V. Life member, Association of Agrometeorologists, Anand
  • Dr. P. K. Dhoke, Life member, Journal of cotton research and development
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Life member, Journal of Agriculture Research and Technology
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Life member, Indian Society of Agronomy
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Life member, InSc International Publishers
  • Dr. A. R. Gaikwad, Life member, Cotton Research and Development Association, CCSHAU, Hisar
  • Dr. A. R. Gaikwad, Life member, Journal of Agriculture Research and Technology
  • Dr. A. R. Gaikwad, Life member, Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding
  • Dr. A. R. Gaikwad, Life member, Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources
  • Dr. A. R. Gaikwad, Life member, Indian Society of Plant Breeding
  • Dr. V. N. Chincahne, Life member, Cotton Research and Development Association, CCSHAU, Hisar
  • Dr. V. N. Chincahne, Life member, Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding
Resource generation (Rs. Lakhs) 2020-21
Sr. No. 2018-19 2019-20 2021-22 2022-23
1. Product testing trials 50.08 30.42 23.75 27.88 14.84

Collaborative research conducted


  • ‘Conversion of Newly Released Cotton Hybrids (NHH 250 and NHH 715) into Bollgard II version and its Commercialization and Promotion in collaboration with Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani and Maharashtra State Seed Corporation, Akola from 2020-21 to till date.
  • “Development, evaluation and promotion of medium and long staple desi cotton genotypes under organic situation for the state of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra”in collaboration with Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani, Remei India Ltd. Kasarawad, M.P. and biore Association, Kasarawad, M.P. form 01/04/2022 to 31/03/2025. Fund received 18.00 lakhs
  • IRM: Dissemination of Pink Bollworm Management Strategies in collaboration with Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani and ICAR-Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur, from 2018-19 to 2022-23. Fund received 48.20 lakhs
  • Promotion of long linted desi cotton varieties under organic condition in collaboration with Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani and ICAR-Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur and Better Cotton Initiative, New Delhi. 2021-22.

Publication


  • D. Pandagale, G. L. Kadam, K. S. Baig and S. S. Rathod. 2018. Effect of split application of fertilizers on growth, yield and economics of Bt Cotton hybrid under rainfed condition. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. Special Issue – 6: 373-378 (NAAS - 5.38)
  • D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. S. Rathod and T. B. Namade. 2018. Effect of weedicides on weeds and yield of Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(5): 399-401. (NAAS - 5.21)
  • D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. S. Rathod and T. B. Namade. 2018. Effect of number of plants per hill in respect to plant geometry in Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under rainfed condition.Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(5): 477-479. (NAAS - 5.21)
  • V.N Chinchane and K.S.Baig. 2018. Performance of long linted desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) genotypes for yield and fibre quality parameters under rainfed condition. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(5): 3409-3411. (NAAS - 5.21)
  • A.R.Gaikwad and K.S. Baig. 2018. Yield and fibre quality parameter studies in upland cotton under rainfed condition. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(5): 474-476. (NAAS - 5.21)
  • J.D. Gaikwad, V.N. Chinchane, K.S. Baig, P.K. Waghmare and M.D. Gaikwad. 2018. Performance of arboreum cotton genotypes as influenced by high density planting system and different nutrient levels. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. Special Issue 6: 2315-2319. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • Baig K. S., Deosarkar D. B., Gaikwad A. R. and Pandagale A. D. 2018. NHH 250: A new high yielding sucking pest tolerant American cotton hybrid for central zone of India. International Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences. 6(2): 1052-1058. (NAAS – 4.74)
  • A. D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, M. V. Venugopalan and S. S. Rathod. 2018. Moisture conservation and nutrient requirement for rainfed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under High Density Planting System. Journal of Agricultural Research and Technology. 43(2): 272-277. (NAAS - 4.18)
  • A. D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. S. Rathod and P. B. Shinde. 2018. Evaluation of super absorbent for moisture conservation in Bt cotton. Journal of Agricultural Research and Technology. 43(2): 292-297. (NAAS - 4.18)
  • A. D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. S. Rathod, G. L. Kadam and T. B. Namade. 2018. Effect of various weedicides on weed control, yield and economics of Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 36(4): 1091-1101. (NAAS - 3.49)
  • D.G., Dalvi., K.S.Baig and J.D. Deshmukh. 2019. Performance of cotton genotypes for water stress tolerance. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 7(2): 59-63. (NAAS - 5.31)
  • Gosavi, D. U.; Bhede, B. V. and Ajabe, S. S. 2019.Evaluation of different insecticides at different days after crossing ETL of moth trap catches on incidence of pink bollworm Pectinophoragossypiella on Bt cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 7(5): 737-741
  • Binu, V. and Bhede, B. V. 2019. Impact of repeated application of synthetic insecticides on thrips and their natural enemies of cotton. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(8): 277-289. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • A. D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. M. Telang, P. K. Dhoke, S. S. Rathod, and T. B. Namade. 2020. Influence of High-Density Planting and genotypes on major pests and diseases in rainfed cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies. 8(3): 1916-1920. (NAAS - 5.53)
  • Gosavi, D. U.; Bhede, B. V.; Badgujar, A. G. and Ambad, R. B. 2020. Evaluation of proper crop stage and insecticide for management of pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders on cotton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 8(1): 1131-1135
  • V.N. Chinchane, K.S. Baig, A.H. Rathod and S.B. Borgaonkar. 2020. PA 740: High yielding, long staple Desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum) variety for Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(6): 1081-1083. (NAAS - 5.21)
  • V.N. Chinchane, K.S. Baig, S.B. Borgaonkar and A.H. Rathod. 2020. PA 740: High yielding, superior fibre quality desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum) variety for south zone of India. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 8(6): 1951-1954. (NAAS - 5.31)
  • A. D. Pandagale, K. S. Baig, S. S. Rathod, and T. B. Namade. 2020. Plant density and genotype evaluation for High Density Planting system of cotton under rainfed cotton. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences.9(09): 1291-1298. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • K. S. Baig, D. G. More and A. D. Pandagale. 2020. Identification of suitable varieties of Soybean for various soil types in different climatic conditions. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 9(10): 1824-1828. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • K.S. Baig, V.N. Chinchane, A.R. Gaikwad and U.V. Surewad. 2021. Heterosis studies of newly developed intra-hirsutum cotton hybrids for seed cotton and lint yield and their performance for economic, morphological and fibre quality traits under rainfed condition in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Biological Forum – An International Journal. 14(1): 47-56. (NAAS - 5.11)
  • K.H. Deshmukh, V.N Chinchane, H.V. Kalpande and A.V. Shinde. 2021.Combining ability studies for yield and yield contributing traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal.10(8): 39-41. (NAAS - 5.23).
  • A.D. Mankar, D.B. Deosarkar and V.N. Chinchane. 2021.Studies of genetic parameters for yield, yield contributing and fiber quality characters in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal.10(8): 42-44. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • A.V. Shinde, D.B. Deosarkar, V.N. Chinchane, A.S. Deshmukh and N.R. Thakur. 2021. Study on heterosis for Fibre quality traits in intra (G. arboreum x G. arboreum) and interspecific (G. herbaceum x G. arboreum) crosses of desi cotton. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 10(12): 1100-1104. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • K.S. Baig, A.R Gaikwad, V.N Chinchane, A.D. Pandagale and S.V Surewad. 2021. Evaluation of newly developed Bt cotton (Cry 1Ac) genotypes for seed cotton yield under ultra-high-density planting system in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. Biological Forum – An International Journal. 13(4): 1129-1133. (NAAS - 5.11)
  • K. H. Deshmukh, V. N. Chinchane and A. V. Shinde. 2021.Study on heterosis for yield and yield contributing traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 10(10): 129-141. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • V. N. Chinchane, D. B. Deosarkar, K. S. Baig and H. V. Kalpande. 2021.Combining ability analysis for seed cotton yield and yield contributing traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.) over the environments.International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences.10(10): 118-128. (NAAS - 5.38)
  • Udtewar, P. G.; Bhede, B. V. and Khandare A. S.2021.Relative toxicity of insecticides against various species of aphids. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 10(10): 417-420. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • K. S. Baig, V. N. Chinchane, R. Gaikwad and S. M. Munde. 2022.Genetic parameters studies for yield, yield contributing and morphological traits in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science.34 (2): 54-63. (NAAS - 5.07)
  • D. Pandagale, V. Asewar, K. S. Baig, V. B. Awasarmal and S. S. Rathod. 2022. Yield and quality of Bt cotton hybrid NHH 44 (BG II) as influenced by moisture conservation practices and fertilizer levels under rainfed condition. Biological Forum - An International Journal. 14(1): 298-302. (NAAS – 5.11)
  • G.R. Lahane, K.S.Baig, A.R.Gaikwad and Adeel Syed. 2022. Cytomorphological analysis of introgressed trispecies derivatives of cotton (G. hirsutum L. × G.barbadense L. × G.arboreum L.). Agricultural Mechanization in Asia. 53(07): 11561-11575. (NAAS – 6.14)
  • G.R. Lahane, K.S.Baig, A.R.Gaikwad and Adeel Syed. 2022. Morphological, yield and quality performance of introgression trispecies derivatives of cotton (G. hirsutum L. × G.barbadense L. × G.arboreum L.). Environment Conservation Journal. 53 (07): 1-9. (NAAS – 5.66)
  • M. Phemei, V.N. Chinchane and H.V. Kalpande. 2022.Heterosis studies for seed cotton yield and yield contributing traits in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal.11(12): 5923-5927. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • S.L. Kolhe, H.V. Kalpande and V.N. Chinchane. 2022. Studies on genetic parameters for yield, yield contributing and fiber quality characters in desi cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(12): 5934-5936. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • D. Pandagale, B. V. Asewar, K. S. Baig, I. A. B. Mirza and S. S. Rathod. 2022. Studies on earliness of Bt cotton as influenced by moisture conservation practices and fertilizer levels under rainfed condition. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 34(10): 150-158. (NAAS - 5.07)
  • Pawar, A. A.; Bhede, B. V. and Tupe, A. P. 2022. Effect of water pH on bio efficacy of different insecticides against leaf hopper Amrasca biguttula Ishida on Bt cotton. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(12): 2610-2615. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • G.P.Idhole B.B Nimanwad, S.B.Pawar and D.N. Gokhale. 2022. Effect of micronutrient foliar application on growth and yield of niger (Guizotia abyssinica L.) under rainfed condition. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(7):1409-1412. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • G.P. Idhole, D.N. Gokale, S.B. Pawar and B.B. Nimanwad. 2022. Effect of micronutrient foliar application on yield and economics of niger (Guizotia abyssinica L.) under rainfed condition. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(7): 1413-1415. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • B.B.Nimanwd,G.P Idhole, S.B. Pawar and A.K. Gore. 2022. Effect of weed management practices on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(7): 287-289. (NAAS - 5.23)
  • S.W.Chand, P.N.Karanjikar, S.Y.Dhale, Mirza IAB and K.S.Baig. 2022. Effect of plant growth regulators and micronutrients on fibre quality of high density planted Bt cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 11(7): 319-321. (NAAS - 5.23).

Awards


  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Outstanding Scientists Award 2018’. The Society of Tropical Agriculture, New Delhi. 2018-19.
  • Dr.V.N.Chinchane. Excellence in Research Award. Green Reap Welfare Society (GRWS), Adilabad, Telangana. 2018-19.
  • Dr. P.K. Dhoke. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Shikshak Puraskar District Level Mhatma Jotirao Phule Shikshak Parishad, Maharashtra. 2021-22.
  • Dr. K. S. Baig. Adarsh Vidya Saraswati Rashtriya Puraskar. Glacier Journal Research Foundation, Global Management Council, Ahmadabad, Gujrat. 2021-22.
  • Dr. K. S. Baig. Professional Excellence Award. Cotton Research and Development Association, Hisar. 2022-23.
  • Dr. K. S. Baig. Best Agriculture Scientist Award- 2022. Maharashtra Council of Education and Agricultural Research, Pune. 2022-23
  • Dr. K. S. Baig. Dr. Norman Borlaug Award. Just Agriculture- The Magazine, Gurugram. 2022-23.
  • Dr. K. S. Baig, Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Dr.V.N. Chinchane, Dr. B. V. Bhede, Dr. P. K. Dhoke, Prof. A.R. Gaikwad. Public Private Partnership Award. Cotton Research and Development Association, Hisar. 2022-23.
  • Dr. A. D. Pandagale. Young Researcher Award 2022’. Institute of Scholars, Bengaluru. 2022-23.
  • Dr. K. S. Baig, Dr. B. V. Bhede, Dr. A. D. Pandagale, Dr. P. K. Dhoke. Digital Shetishala (Online Farmers Field School - State Level Appreciation). Paani Foundation, New Delhi. 2022-23.

Trials conducted


Sr.No. DisciplineYear wise trials conducted
2018-192019-202020-212021-222022-23
1 Plant Breeding 7 8 8 4 3
2 Agronomy 4 7 7 7 7
3 Entomology 9 8 7 7 8
4 Pathology 8 7 8 8 8

Details of the trials conducted


Plant Breeding

2018-19

  • Proj.Br.02 (b) NT Initial Evaluation Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.03 (b) CZ Preliminary Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.04 (b) CZ Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) NT Initial Evaluation of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) CZ Coordinated Trial of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.22 (a/b) NT CC Initial Evaluation Trial of G. arboreum colour cotton
  • ICAR Bt (BG II) Evaluation of intra hirsutum Bt hybrids (Product testing trial)

2019-20

  • Proj.Br.02 (b) NT Initial Evaluation Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.03 (b) CZ Preliminary Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.04 (b) CZ Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) NT Initial Evaluation of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) CZ Coordinated Trial of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.22 (a/b) NT CC Initial Evaluation Trial of G. arboreum colour cotton
  • Proj.Br.24 (b) CZ CC Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. arboreum colour cotton
  • ICAR Bt (BG II) Evaluation of intra hirsutum Bt hybrids (Product testing trial)

2020-21

  • Proj.Br.02 (b) NT Initial Evaluation Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.03 (b) CZ Preliminary Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.04 (b) CZ Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) NT Initial Evaluation of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.06 (b) CZ Coordinated Trial of Compact genotypes under rainfed condition
  • Proj.Br.24 (b) CZ CC Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. arboreum colour cotton
  • Proj.Br.AET II vir. Bt G. hirsutum Rainfed Advanced Evaluation trial II of G. hirsutum Bt variety Rainfed
  • ICAR Bt (BG II) Evaluation of intra hirsutum Bt hybrids (Product testing trial)

2021-22

  • Proj.Br. 04 (b) CZ Coordinated Varietal Trial of G. hirsutum cotton
  • Proj. Br. AET II vir. Bt G. Hirsutum Rainfed Advanced Evaluation Trial II of G. hirsutum BG-I Variety rainfed
  • Proj. Br. 24b NT CC G. arboreum Initial Evaluation Trial of colour G. arboreum cotton
  • ICAR Bt (BG II) Evaluation of intra hirsutum Bt hybrids (Product testing trial)

2022-23

  • AET (II) HIR-RF Advanced evaluation trial of G. hirsutum BG I varieties II
  • AET-I (C) - H ×H -RF Advanced Evaluation Trial –I of Compact Intra-hirsutum hybrids - Rainfed.
  • Br. 24 (b) CC Co- ordinated varietal trial of G. arboreum colour cotton under rainfed condition

Agronomy


2018-19

  • Agro. I (B) Evaluation of compact culture under High Density Planting System with different nutrient levels
  • Agro. IV Technology for organic cotton
  • Agro. VI Labour saving techniques in Cotton cultivation
  • Agro VIII Input use pattern and Cost of cultivation of cotton

2019-20

  • Agro. I (B) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release hirsutum varieties of cotton
  • Agro. I (B) Evaluation of compact culture under High Density Planting System with different nutrient levels
  • Agro. IV Technology for organic cotton
  • Agro. VI Labour saving techniques in Cotton cultivation
  • Agro VIII Input use pattern and Cost of cultivation of cotton
  • Agro. IX Standardisation of geometry for Bt varieties
  • Agro. X Effect of Bio stimulant on growth and development of cotton

2020-21

  • Agro. I (A1) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release hirsutum varieties of cotton
  • Agro. I (A6) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release arboreum hybrid of cotton
  • Agro I(B) Evaluation of compact culture under High Density Planting System with different nutrient levels
  • Agro. IV Technology for organic cotton
  • Agro. VIII Input use pattern and Cost of cultivation of cotton
  • Agro IX Standardisation of geometry for Bt varieties
  • Agro. X Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton production system

2021-22

  • Agro. I (A6) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release arboreum variety of cotton
  • Agro. I (B) Evaluation of compact culture under High Density Planting System with different nutrient levels
  • Agro IV Technology for organic cotton
  • Agro VIII Input use pattern and Cost of cultivation of cotton
  • Agro. IX Standardisation of geometry for Bt varieties
  • Agro. X Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton production system
  • Agro. XII Large scale testing of proven interventions – Integrated Cotton production system

2022-23

  • Agro. I (A1) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release hirsutum variety
  • Agro. I (A5) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release arboreum variety
  • Agro I(B) Agronomic requirements of promising pre-release Bt cotton variety
  • Agro IV Nutrient Management for organic cotton production.
  • Agro. VII Input use pattern and Cost of cultivation of cotton.
  • Agro. X Multi-tier cropping system to enhance resource utilization, profitability and sustainability of Bt cotton production system.
  • Agro. XII Effect of land configuration and plant growth regulator on drought management in cotton

Entomology


2018-19

  • Ent 1 (a) Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests of cotton. Proj. Br.03 (b) and Proj Br. 04 (b)
  • Ent 1 (b) Advanced screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests.
  • Ent 2 Population dynamics of key pests of cotton in relation to climatic conditions to develop suitable forecasting models.
  • Ent 3 Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton on Farmers Field for weekly advisory
  • Ent 4 Determination of ETLs and estimation of yield losses for cotton pink bollworm.
  • Ent 5 Mass trapping of PBW under farmers field conditions
  • Ent 6 Validation of IPM module for PBW - NEW
  • Ent 7 Evaluation of an BVG Agro Safe (a product from Plant extracts) on cotton pest complex - Paid up trial by BVG Life Sciences Ltd.,
  • Ent 8 Evaluation of Botanical Pesticide for management of Pink Bollworm

2019-20

  • Ent 1 (a) Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests of cotton. (National and Zonal trials) Proj. Br.03 (b) and Proj Br. 04 (b)
  • Ent 1 (b) Advanced screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests.
  • Ent 2 Seasonal dynamics of key pests of cotton in relation to climatic conditions to develop suitable forecasting models.
  • Ent 3 Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton on Farmers Field for weekly advisory
  • Ent 4 Estimation of yield losses and management of cotton pink bollworm.
  • Ent 5 Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests.
  • Ent 6 Evaluation of an BVG Agro Safe (a product from Plant extracts) on cotton pest complex - Paid up trial by BVG Life Sciences Ltd.,
  • Ent 7 Evaluation of microbial formulations against bollworm complex of cotton

2020-21

  • Ent 1 (a) Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests of cotton (National and Zonal trials) Proj. Br.03 (b) and Proj Br. 04 (b)
  • Ent 1 (b) Advance screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests
  • Ent 2 Seasonal dynamics for key pests of cotton in relation to climatic conditions to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Ent 3 Survey for key and emerging pests in cotton on Farmers Field for weekly advisory
  • Ent 4 Management of sucking pests in cotton
  • Ent 5 Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests
  • Ent 6 Evaluation of new microbial formulations against bollworm complex of cotton

2021-22

  • Ent 1a Screening of breeding material for resistance to insect pests (National & Zonal Trials)
  • Ent 1b Advanced screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests
  • Ent 2 Seasonal dynamics of insect population to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Ent. 3 Survey and surveillance for key and emerging pests in cotton in Farmers Field for weekly advisory
  • Ent 4 Management of sucking pests in cotton
  • Ent 5 Evaluation of Refugia in bag and structured refugia against bollworm complex in cotton
  • Ent 6 Evaluation of prominent insecticides against bollworm complex of cotton

2022-23

  • Ent 1(b) Advance screening of promising entries for development of repository for sucking pests
  • Ent 2 Seasonal dynamics to develop suitable forecasting model
  • Ent 3 Survey for key and emerging pests in farmers’ fields for weekly advisory
  • Ent 4 Integrated Pest Management in Cotton
  • Ent 5 Evaluation of Refugia in bag against bollworm complex in cotton
  • Ent 6 Evaluation of prominent and label claimed insecticides against bollworm complex of cotton
  • Ent 6a Evaluation of MakAdjuvol (Mineral Paraffin Oil) as adjuvant with insecticides
  • Ent 7 Microbial based volatiles for sucking pest management in Bt cotton

Plant Pathology


2018-19

  • Path 1 (a) Observation on the occurrence of various diseases at station and in farmers field of Nanded district
  • Path 1(b) Diseases progress in relation to weather factors
  • Path 1(c) Studies on the variability of cotton pathogen Alternaria leaf Spot
  • Path 1(d) Survey and epidemiology of TSV
  • Path 2 (a) Screening of breeding lines for disease reaction
  • Path 2 (b) Confirmation and maintenance of disease resistant lines
  • Path 3 (c) Management of disease: Developing IDM module for the management of cotton disease
  • Path 4 (g) Management of para wilt of cotton

2019-20

  • Path 1(a) Observation on the occurrence of various diseases at research station and at farmers field in Nanded district
  • Path 1(b) Diseases progress in relation to weather factors
  • Path 1(c) Studies on the variability on Cotton Pathogen Alternaria leaf sport
  • Path 1(d) Survey and Epidemiology of TSV
  • Path 2 (a) Screening of AICRP entries for diseases reaction
  • Path 2 (b) Confirmation and maintenance of disease breeding lines
  • Path 4 (h) Evaluation of efficacy of bioagents against cotton

2020-21

  • Path 1 (a) Observation on the occurrence of various diseases (in the frame’s field and research farms)
  • Path 1 (b) Diseases progress in relation to weather factors
  • Path 1 (c) Studies on the variability in Alternaria causing leaf spot in Cotton
  • Path 1 (d) Survey and Epidemiology of TSV
  • Path 2 (a) Screening of AICRP breeding lines for disease reaction
  • Path 2 (b) Confirmation and maintenance of disease resistant lines
  • Path 3 (g) Management of parawilt of cotton
  • Path 3 (h) Evaluation of efficacy of bioagents against cotton

2021-22

  • Path.1 (a) Observations on the occurrence of various diseases (in the farmer’s field and research farms)
  • Path.1 (b) Disease progress in relation to weather factors
  • Path.1 (d) Survey and Epidemiology of TSV
  • Path.1 (e) Studies on the variability of Corynespora leaf spot
  • Path. 2 (a) Screening of AICRP entries for diseases reaction.
  • Path.2 (b) Confirmation and maintenance of disease resistant lines
  • Path.3 (h) Evaluation of efficacy of bioagents against cotton diseases
  • Path.3 (j) Management of boll rot (internal/ external) and foliar diseases of Cotton through CIB&RC recommended new chemical pesticides and their Combinations

2022-23

  • Path.1 (a) Observations on the occurrence of various diseases (in the farmer’s field and research farms)
  • Path.1 (b) Disease progress in relation to weather factors
  • Path.1 (d) Survey and basic studies of TSV
  • Path.1 (e) Studies on the variability of Corynespora leaf spot
  • Path.2 (a) Screening of AICRP entries for disease reaction
  • Path.3 (b) Confirmation and maintenance of disease resistant lines
  • Path.3 (h) Evaluation of efficacy of bioagents against cotton diseases
  • Path.3 (j) Management of boll rot (internal/ external) and foliar diseases of cotton through CIB&RC recommended new chemical pesticides and their combinations

Technology Developed

  • Purification of sucking pest tolerant genotypes developed through introgression breeding: Novel sucking pest tolerant material is generated by adopting introgression breeding method at Nanded. Sucking pest tolerant traits has been transferred from diploid desi cotton (G. arboreum) into tetraploid American cotton (G. hirusutum). From this project, four trispecies (G. arboreumx G. hirsutumx G. barbadense) derivatives had been developed showing sucking pest tolerant traits viz., IS-376-4-3-1, IS-376-4-3-343, IS-376-4-3-14-21 and IS-376-4-1-142 and these lines are also registered with NBPGR, New Delhi (INGR No. 04106). Purification of more than 1000 lines segregated from these lines are in progress.
  • Development of long linted G. arboreum varieties: Introgression breeding was attempted at Parbhani center for fibre quality improvement of desi cotton. Novel material (PAIG 325, PAIG 62, PAIG 366, PAIG 371) has been generated from this project and fibre length of Desi cotton is increased from 22 mm to 32 mm along with better fibre strength (upto30 g/tex) and fine micronaire (around 4.0) apart from high yield.
  • Application of fertilizer dose 150:75:75 NPK kg ha-1 is recommended for high density planting (spacing 90 x 30 cm; plant density 37,037 plants ha-1) of Bt cotton under rainfed condition to increase seed cotton yield, lint yield and monetary returns
  • Sowing of Bt cotton on BBF (top width 90 cm) prepared by tractor along with pre and post emergence application of recommended weedicides and spraying of crop protection pesticides by tractor drawn sprayer is recommended for lower labour requirement, higher yield and net returns.
  • Application of fertilizer dose 120:60:60 NPK kg ha-1 to cotton hybrid NHH 44 (BG II) is recommended along with opening of furrows at 60 DAS for higher seed cotton yield and profitable returns in Marathwada region under rainfed condition
  • Sowing of BG I cotton variety PKV 081 Bt is recommended on spacing 60 x 30 cm (55,555 plants ha-1) for higher seed cotton yield and profitable returns in assured rainfall zone of Marathwada region
  • Spacing of 120 x 45 cm (18,518 plants ha-1) for Bt cotton hybrids is recommended for sowing at onset of monsoon and spacing of 90 x 45 cm (24,691 plants ha-1) is recommended if sowing is delayed by 2 weeks after onset of monsoon for higher and profitable yield under rainfed condition in Marathwada region
  • Intercropping of Green gram in arboreum cotton (1:1) is recommended for higher seed cotton equivalent yield and profitable returns of organic cotton whereas seed treatment of biofertilizers + application of neem cake @ 250 kg ha-1 in soil at sowing + in-situ green manuring of sunhemp @ 50 kg seed ha-1 in desi cotton is recommended for soil enrichment under organic farming conditions
  • Sowing of BG I cotton variety PKV 081 Bt is recommended on spacing 60 x 30 cm (55,555 plants ha-1) for higher seed cotton yield and profitable returns in assured rainfall zone of Marathwada region
  • Android mobile application on cotton (Cotton (KAPUS) VNMKV, Parbhani – Apps on Google Play)

GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING - COTTON BREEDING: RESEARACH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Bt cotton hybrid NHH 44 BG II - American cotton (G. hirsutum): Intra hirsutum Bt cotton hybrid NHH 44 BG II was released for cultivation under rainfed regions of Central Zone (Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh) by Central Variety Release Committee in year 2018.
  • The silent features of the intra hirsutum Bt cotton hybrid NHH 44 BG II:
    • Productivity : 22-25 q/ha (Rainfed)
    • Ginning Outturn : 37-38 %
    • Fibre Length : 25-26 mm
    • Special features : Tolerant to sucking pests; Tolerant to Bacterial blight and Alternaria leaf spot; Sustainable yield under varying climate; Rejuvenation capacity
  • American cotton variety NH 677: G. hirsutum cotton variety NH 677 was released for cultivation under rainfed regions of Maharashtra by Joint Agresco in year 2023.
  • The silent features of G. hirsutum cotton variety NH 677:
    • Productivity : 14-16 q/ha (Rainfed)
    • Ginning Outturn : 36-37 %
    • Fibre Length : 25-26 mm
    • Special features : Tolerant to sucking pests; Tolerant to Bacterial blight and Alternaria leaf spot
  1. Three Bt cotton BG I varieties viz., NH 1901 Bt, NH 1902 Bt and NH 1904 Bt were proposed for release in Central Variety Identification Committee for rainfed regions of Central Zone (Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh)
  2. The silent features of the Bt cotton variety NH 1901 Bt:
    • Productivity : 14-16 q/ha (Rainfed)
    • Ginning Outturn : 33-36 %
    • Fibre Length : 25-26 mm
    • Fibre strength : 25-26 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.17 µ/inch
    • Special features : Tolerant to sucking pests; Tolerant to Bacterial blight and Alternaria leaf spot
  3. The silent features of the Bt cotton variety NH 1902 Bt:
    • Productivity : 15-17 q/ha (Rainfed)
    • Ginning Outturn : 35-37 %
    • Fibre Length : 25-26 mm
    • Fibre strength : 25-26 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.60 µ/inch
    • Special features : Tolerant to sucking pests; Tolerant to Bacterial blight and Alternaria leaf spot
  4. The silent features of the Bt cotton variety NH 1904 Bt:
    • Productivity : 13-15 q/ha (Rainfed)
    • Ginning Outturn : 36-37 %
    • Fibre Length : 25-26 mm
    • Fibre strength : 25-26 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.60 µ/inch
    • Special features : Tolerant to sucking pests; Tolerant to Bacterial blight and Alternaria leaf spot
    Release of Desi cotton (G. arboreum) variety
  • PA 812: Desi cotton variety PA 812 was released for cultivation under rainfed regions of Central Zone (Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh) by Central Variety Release Committee in year 2019. This variety is having high yield and excellent fibre properties.
    • The silent features of the variety PA 812:
    • Productivity : 15-16 q/ha
    • Ginning Outturn : 34-35 %
    • Fibre Length : 29-30 mm
    • Fibre strength : 29-30 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.5 µ/inch
    • Spinning counts : 30s
    • Duration : 150-160 days
    • Special features : Superior fibre length, strength and Micronnaire; Tolerant to sucking pests, bacterial blight and grey mildew
  • PA 810: Desi cotton variety PA 810 was released for cultivation under rainfed regions of Central Zone (Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh) by Central Variety Release Committee in year 2020.
    • The silent features of the variety PA 810:
    • Productivity : 15-16 q/ha
    • Ginning Outturn : 33-34 %
    • Fibre Length : 29-30 mm
    • Fibre strength : 28-29 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.5 µ/inch
    • Spinning counts : 30s
    • Duration : 150-160 days
    • Special features : Superior fibre length, strength and Micronnaire; Tolerant to sucking pests, bacterial blight and grey mildew
  • PA 837: Desi cotton variety PA 837 was released for cultivation under rainfed regions of South Zone (Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) by Central Variety Release Committee in year 2021.
    • The silent features of the variety PA 837:
    • Productivity : 15-16 q/ha
    • Ginning Outturn : 35-36 %
    • Fibre Length : 28-29 mm
    • Fibre strength : 27-28 g/tex
    • Micronaire : 4.8 µ/inch
    • Spinning counts : 30s
    • Duration : 150-160 days
    • Special features : Superior fibre length, strength and micronaire; Tolerant to sucking pests, bacterial blight and grey mildew

COTTON AGRONOMY: RESEARACH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Intercropping of Greengram with arboreum cotton has increased seed cotton equivalent yield and monetary returns under organic farming. Application of nutrient dose of nutrients on P equivalent basis through FYM has improved soil nutrient status followed by seed treatment of biofertilizers + Pink Pigmented Facultative Methylotrops drenching and foliar application + soil application of neem cake + green manuring of sunhemp.
  • The recommended intercropping system of Bt cotton + Green gram (1:2) in 120 x 45 cm spacing and farmers’ practice of intercropping (Bt cotton + pigeon pea in 6:1 proportion) were most profitable in terms of higher seed cotton equivalent yield, NMR and B:C ratio. Recommended intercropping system of Bt cotton + Green gram (1:2) in was the most efficient intercropping system for relative production efficiency, relative economic efficiency, land equivalent ratio and weed smothering efficiency.
  • Effect of land configuration on seed cotton yield as well as economics was non-significant. The dry spell management treatments didn’t exhibit statistical differences in seed cotton yield, monetary returns and soil moisture content.
  • The cost incurred for inputs and labours for cotton production was Rs. 30990/- and Rs. 55897/- ha-1. The farm business income was Rs. 53196/- ha-1, family labour income was 44735/- ha-1 and net income (based on cost C3) was Rs. 28134/- ha-1.
  • Intercropping of Greengram with arboreum cotton has increased seed cotton equivalent yield and monetary returns under organic farming. Application of nutrient dose of nutrients on P equivalent basis through FYM has improved soil nutrient status.
  • Spacing 60 x 30 cm was suitable for Suraj Bt, PKV 081 Bt, Rajat Bt and GJHV 374 Bt for higher seed cotton yield and monetary returns. The Bt cotton variety PKV 08 performed better than Rajat Bt, Suraj Bt, and GJHV 374 Bt.
  • The farmers’ practice of intercropping (Bt cotton + pigeon pea in 6:1 proportion) was significant for seed cotton equivalent yield and was the most profitable in terms of GMR, NMR and B:C ratio followed by sole cotton (120 x 45 cm). Cotton + pigeon pea (6:1) was the most efficient intercropping system followed by cotton + green gram (1:2).
  • In survey on cost of cotton cultivation, farm Business income (Cost A) of cotton was ` 38335/-; family labour income (Gross return - Cost B2) was ` 32231/- whereas net income (Gross return - Cost C3) was ` 15011/-.
  • Sowing of Bt cotton in high density planting system (90 x 30 cm) + polymulch + canopy management by application of Mepiquat chloride has increased seed cotton yield (30.4%) and net monetary returns (23.6%) over conventional method.
  • Intercropping of Greengram with arboreum cotton has increased seed cotton equivalent yield and monetary returns under organic farming.
  • The Bt cotton variety PKV 081 performed better than BG I Rajat Bt, Suraj Bt and GJHV 374 Bt. Spacing 90 x 15 cm was suitable for PKV 081 Bt whereas spacing 60 x 15 cm was found suitable for Suraj Bt, Rajat Bt and GJHV 374 Bt.
  • Recommended intercropping system (Bt cotton + green gram in 1:2 proportion) was significant for seed cotton equivalent yield and was the most profitable in terms of GMR, NMR and B:C ratio over multi tier intercropping systems followed by farmers practice (cotton + pigeon pea). Multi tier intercropping of green gram + foxtail millet + coriander (one row each in paired row of Bt cotton) with Bt cotton had greater weed smothering efficiency as well as diversification index.
  • The net cost of cultivation (Cost A1) of Bt cotton in survey for assessment of cotton cost of cultivation under rainfed condition was ` 64,867/- per ha and the Cost C3 was ` 93,296/- per ha. The net returns received on Cost A1 basis were ` 11,755/- per ha and on Cost C3 basis was ` -16,674/- per ha with average productivity of 1,396 kg/ ha.
  • Sowing of cotton on BBF prepared by machine + poly mulch was found to improve moisture status and increase seed cotton yield, monetary returns along with lower weed dynamics. Land shaping (BBF) by machine + pre and post emergence application of weedicides + interculture by junior hoe + spraying by tractor drawn boom sprayer treatment was on par with poly mulch for monetary returns and was lowest labour-intensive treatment.
  • The Bt cotton variety Rajat performed better than Suraj, PKV 081 and GJHV 374. Spacing of 60 x 15 cm was found suitable for Suraj Bt, PKV 081 Bt and Rajat Bt and spacing 90 x 15 cm was suitable for GJHV 374 Bt.
  • The Bt cotton hybrid performed better than hirsutum variety (non Bt). Application of Ethrel @ 45 PPM at 45 DAS followed by Mepiquat chloride spray @ 100 PPM at 90 DAS had increased seed cotton yield and monetary returns over control.
  • The net cost of cultivation (Cost A1) of Bt cotton under rainfed condition was ` 62,441/- per ha and the Cost C3 was ` 75,118/- per ha. The net returns received on Cost A1 basis were ` 16,474/- per ha and on Cost C3 basis was ` 3,797/- per ha with average productivity of 1,498 kg/ ha.
  • The hirsutum variety GSHV 180 was superior over GISV 272. The variety GSHV 180 performed better under spacing of 60 x 10 cm (1.66 lakh plants ha-1) and spacing of 45 x 10 cm (2.22 lakh plants ha-1) was found suitable for variety GISV 272. Both the test varieties gave response to 150% RDF.
  • On the basis of survey of 30 farmers in Marathwada region, the cost cultivation (Cost A) of cotton was ` 54,599/- per ha and farm business income was ` 31,680/- per ha. The family labours’ income was ` 26,763/- per ha and net income was ` 9,199/- per ha.

ENTOMOLOGY: RESEARACH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Validation of IPM module for pink bollworm on cotton.
  • Validation of IPM module for cotton insect pests.
  • Flonicamid 50 % WG 150 g/ha and Dinotefuran 20 % SG 150 g/ha was most effective against sucking pests of cotton.
  • Emamectin benzoate 5 % SG 220 g/ha followed by Flubendiamide 39.35 % SC 100 ml/ha, Chlorantraniliprole18.5% SC 150 ml/ha and Profenofos 50% EC 1500 ml/ha were most effective and economical against bollworms on cotton.
  • Refugia in bag was effective for management of bollworms on cotton.

PATHOLOGY: RESEARACH ACHIVEMENTS


  • Screening of desi cotton genotypes for major diseases
  • To evaluation of the bio-efficacy and phytotoxicity of ICF-310 against disease complex
  • Screening of advance varietal trial if Gossypium hirsutum cotton against Cotton diseases
  • Management of para wilt in cotton
  • Management of para wilt by combinations of nutrients, fungicides and Boi-pesticides

SUCCESS STORY – 1 :


Name of the FarmerMr.Atrinandan Bhimrao Mulgir
Address : Ap. Dongargaon Tq. Hadgaon, dist. Nanded
Mobile No.+91 96890 30048
Age.34 Yrs
Education12th standard
Landholding5 acre (2.0 ha)
Area under Project 1 acre (0.4 ha)
Source of IrrigationTube well
Guidance received from implementing centerTimely advice on the identification of insects, importance of natural enemies, ETL/EIL in insect pests management, to avoid indiscriminate use of chemical and IRM strategies
AchievementsGetting knowledge of various aspects of pest management and use of selective chemical sprays in pests management and also getting more B/C ratio as compare with Non-IRM field.
Yield (qt/ha)16.95
Yield in non IRM field (qt/ha)13.25

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