ALL INDIA COORDINATED COTTON IMPROVEMENT PROJECT - CENTERS


BANSWARA

This centre of AICCIP lies in southern part of Rajasthan which is popularly known as humid southern plain zone or zone IV-b in terms of agro-climatic zones of Rajasthan. This region of the state inhabitated by the rural mass, predominantly by the schedule tribes having very poor socio-economic status owing to poor returns from agriculture as it is the main source of livelihood. This zone has characteristically undulated topography, moderate temperature during winter, small holdings of land and rainfed agriculture, which results in poor  productivity and profitability of cropping system are far bellow the state and national averages.

            Cotton is an important cash crop being cultivated in southern part of Rajasthan. It is being cultivated in both irrigated as well as rainfed situation. In major area G. hirsutum is being cultivated where as cultivation of G. herbaceum and G. arborium are in traces. Improved seed in major area is being utilized. Public vareity like LRA-5166 and hybrid H-8, H-6 and DCH-32 are in major area. Besides this there is private hybrid also in the cultivation practices. Sowing for both command and rainfed areas commenced at onset of monsoon since canal opening is rabi based. Attack of insect pests from very beginning to last leads to lower down yield, quality and increases cost of cultivation. In rainfed cultivation of cotton farmer adopted intercropping practices. Maize is traditional crop and soybean a new oil crop of the zone mostly followed in various ratios. Pigeonpea is also taken as intercrop in G. herbaceum .

The centre is engaged in developing American cotton varieties for rainfed cultivation and early maturing varieties to fit in double cropping pattern. Experimental variety RB-507, RB-524, RB-548, RB-557 are in advance stage of testing. This centre is possessing 94 elite germplasms and segregating generation, out of which desirable combination are being made. Similarly, for herbaceum cotton efforts are being made to improve fibre quality. For this segregating population of inter-species crosses of herbaceum and arborium are at advanced stage of evaluation. In all there are 12 such cross combinations are available with the centre.

IDENTIFICATION OF VARIETIES:

RST-9

: G. hirsutum variety for early sowing conditions This variety is recommended for irrigated condition matures in 185-190 days with an average seed cotton yield of 22-24 q/ha. It has span length of 26-28 mm and ginning percfentage of 36.

Hybrid-6

: G. hirsutum hybrid suitable for double cropping. This hybrid recommended for irrigated area matures in 170-180 days with 21-23 q/ha of seed cotton yield. It has span length of 25-26 mm and ginning percentage of 33-34.

Hybrid-8 :

G. hirsutum hybrid suitable for double cropping. This hybrid recommended for irrigated area matures in 170-180 days with 21-23 q/ha of seed cotton yield. It has span length of 26-28 mm and ginning percentage of 35-36.

DEVELOPMENT OF VARIETY:

Vagad Kalyan :

It is an early maturing variety 150-160 days of hirsutum group with the yield potential of 12-15 q/ha. Recommended for rainfed cultivation in Rajasthan. It has span length of 25-26 mm with ginning percentage 35-36.

Pratap Kapi-1 :

It is an early maturing variety 230-240-160 days of herbaceum group with the yield potential of 7-8 q/ha. Recommended for rainfed cultivation in Rajasthan.

Thrust points

  • Need of early maturity high yielding hybrids/varieties of G. hirsutum to fit in double cropping pattern with Bt background
  • Need of insect pests resistance/tolerant high yielding genotype of G. hirsutum
  • Development and expansion of IPM modules and practices
  • Development and expansion of INM modules and practices
  • Management practices of cotton as a intercrop in cotton-maize/cotton-soybean/cotton-pigeonpea
  • Need of quality improvement, high yield with Bt background
  • Need of quality seed
  • Transfer of improved technology to the farmers.

Contact:
Assistant Cotton Breeder,
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology,
Agricultural Research Station, Borwat Farm,
Banswara - 327 001
Rajasthan
 

Phone No.: 02962-2242813(O) 2248586(R)

Fax No.: 02962-2260013

Email : banswara_aiccip@yahoo.com